BEFORE GARVEY! HENRY MCNEAL TURNER AND THE FIGHT FOR REPARATIONS, EMIGRATION AND BLACK RIGHTS
TURNER’S CONVENTIONS IN THE NEWS
Both the Black press and white press extensively covered the 1893 convention. The map below shows the places where newspaper accounts of the convention were published. Icons of the same color mean same article content. Click on each icon to read the news coverage of Turner’s Convention in different states and counties.
Page contributed by Samantha de Vera, University of Delaware, Spring 2017.
*Some newspaper accounts indicate “Crossland” instead of “Crall.”
**The Inter Ocean reports that “W. H. Ellis, Mexico,” served as vice president.
***Other accounts also report that “J.H. Willis of Michigan” was secretary.
 “HELP FOR THE NEGRO.” The Inter Ocean, 29 Nov. 1893. Newspapers.com, Distributed by ProQuest.
 “Bishop Turner, of Atlanta, Calls the Meeting to Order in Cincinnati,” Abilene Daily Reflector, 29 November 1893. Newspapers.com, Distributed by ProQuest.
 Jessie Carney Smith. Black Firsts: 4,000 Ground-Breaking and Pioneering Historical Events, 3rd ed. Visible Ink Press, 2012.
 “HELP FOR THE NEGRO.” The Inter Ocean.
 “BISHOP TURNER’S SPEECH.” The Parsons Daily Sun, 30 November 1893. Newspapers.com, Distributed by ProQuest.