BEFORE GARVEY! HENRY MCNEAL TURNER AND THE FIGHT FOR REPARATIONS, EMIGRATION AND BLACK RIGHTS
Julia Foote (1823-1901) was born a free black woman and had little formal education. Foote was a member of the AME Zion church. A powerful preacher and evangelist, Foote preached in New England, Ohio, and Maryland during the 1840s-1870s. The AME Zion resisted ordaining her as a deacon in the church until shortly before she died in 1900. Foote wrote her biography recounting her experiences and triumphs: A Brand Plucked from the Fire.