The 1858 convention in Cincinnati was part of a deeply connected network of African American institutions that supported and uplifted the Black community in the city. These institutions served a variety of purposes, from serving the needs of the community with dignity to openly advocating for the abolition of slavery and full equality for African Americans. In order to do this, churches, schools, orphanages, and other organizations prioritized facilities–building and purchasing buildings in order to carry out their work in a space over which they could exercise ownership. In these buildings, the political and economic power of the Black community was consolidated in classes, worship services, and a few political conventions.