The Fight for Black Mobility: Traveling to Mid-century Conventions

Calls and Announcements

The call for the 1855 National Colored Convention was put out months prior to the event. Publishing it early allowed for attendees to plan ahead, as traveling in the nineteenth century required more time, money, and effort. Frederick Douglass’ Paper published the call for the convention as early as May 1855 and continued to do so weekly. Other publications, Black and white, announced and referenced the convention in the months prior.

The convention garnered interest across the states, and Black activists duly met in their respective hometowns to decide which individuals would be sent as delegates. It was a highly anticipated event, as evidenced by the published correspondent letters, which inquire about places to stay in Philadelphia.

Click on the newspaper’s below to read the calls, announcements, and discussion that occurred around the country before the 1855 National Colored Convention.

1855 The Call by William J Wilson

“Meeting of Colored Citizens in Rochester.” Frederick Douglass’ Paper, 21 Sept. 1855. From Gale. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. ©2008 Gale, a part of Cengage Learning, Inc.

Colored National Council

W. C. N. “Colored National Council.” The Liberator, 27 July 1855. From Accessible Archives © 2016 Accessible Archives Inc.

Commercial Relations with Hayti

“Commercial Relations with Hayti, Liberator. 5 Oct. 1855. From Gale. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. ©2008 Gale, a part of Cengage Learning, Inc.

Kansas

“Kansas.” New Hampshire Statesman, 28 July 1855. From Gale. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. ©2008 Gale, a part of Cengage Learning, Inc.

Delegates from Boston to the National Convention

S. “Delegates from Boston to the National Convention—Unnecessary Distinctions Made in Our Taxlists—Philadelphia Correspondents and the National Convention—Politics—A New Society to Be Formed.” Frederick Douglass’ Paper, 12 Oct. 1855. From Gale. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. ©2008 Gale, a part of Cengage Learning, Inc.

“For Frederick Douglass’ Paper.” Frederick Douglass’ Paper

D. Jenkins. “For Frederick Douglass’ Paper.” Frederick Douglass’ Paper, 29 June 1855. From Accessible Archives © 2016 Accessible Archives Inc.

 

Timeline of Newspaper Clippings about the 1855 National Colored Convention

To read full copies of the articles in this timeline, click on the pictures above.