- A Brief Introduction to the Movement
- Word Travels Fast
- Henry Highland Garnet's "Address"
- What Did They Eat? Where Did They Stay?
- Black Wealth and the 1843 Convention
- African American Women's Economic Power
- The First National Convention
- The "Conventions" of the Conventions: Political Rituals and Traditions
- Conventions by City
- National Conventions
- Women Delegates
- Women in the Conventions
- Convention Hosts by Denomination
- Conventions by Level
- Clusters of Conventions
- Colored Conventions in Canada
- Delegate Search
- Women in the Conventions | March 8, 2017
- About Us
- Contact Us
Bakeries: Feeding Delegates and Fostering Charity in the Community
Click the names in the right-hand menu to learn more about the lives of bakers in Philadelphia in the 1830s.
Many African Americans moved to Philadelphia from slave-holding states as close as Delaware to states in the deep south. Former cooks and domestic workers capitalized on their culinary skills to get jobs in bakeries and restaurants. Still, African American bakery owners were mostly members of the Black elite. In spite of the privileges that come with being a member of such group, they, too, lived with the worry of being accused of being fugitives and under threats of anti-Black mob outbreaks, violence, and disenfranchisement.
For further reading on African-American food culture, click here.