[1] Year: 1880; Census Place: Dallas, Dallas, Texas; Roll: 1299; Family History Film: 1255299; Page: 98B; Enumeration District: 057.

[2] “ROBBED A SWEDE.” Los Angeles Times, Aug 22 1898, pp. 10, ProQuest Historical Newspapers: Los Angeles Times.

[3] “Walker’s Dark Secret.” Los Angeles Herald, May 27, 1899, California Digital Newspaper Collection.

[4] Mariame Kaba, “Laura Scott, Negress, Prisoner #23187,” For more details about the life of Laura Scott, see Mariame Kaba, “Documenting One Woman’s Experiences in the Criminal Justice System: Laura Scott, Negress, Prisoner #23187,” Roots: Newsletter of the Afro-American Historical Society (Spring 2016). 

[5] Year: 1880; Census Place: Scotts, Perry, Alabama; Roll: 28; Family History Film: 1254028; Page: 327B; Enumeration District: 082.