Curated by Samantha de Vera, University of California, San Diego, Fall 2017.

Further Acknowledgements: Caleb Trotter for facilitating this exhibit’s transition to WordPress.

Special thanks to Gale, a Cengage Company, and Accessible Archives Inc.® for granting permission for the use of the materials from 19th Century U.S. Newspaper and African American Newspapers: The 19th Century.

The Colored Conventions Project works with teaching partners and their students to create digital content on the rich history of Black political organizing in the nineteenth-century. Visit our Teaching Partners page to browse the curriculum and find information on becoming a teaching partner.

Citation: De Vera, Samantha. “The Colored Conventions and the Carceral States.” Colored Conventions Project. 2017.