This exhibit explores the Colored Conventions movement’s protest against the justice systems of the states of California and Georgia, both of which egregiously targeted African Americans to carry out forms of ethnic cleansing and neoslavery. It also looks at the legacy of this protest, exploring the contributions of Black women reformers who continued the resistance against incarceration.


Curated by Samantha de Vera, University of California, San Diego, Fall 2017.

Further Acknowledgements: Caleb Trotter for facilitating this exhibit’s transition to WordPress.

Special thanks to Gale, a Cengage Company, and Accessible Archives Inc.® for granting permission for the use of the materials from 19th Century U.S. Newspaper and African American Newspapers: The 19th Century.

The Colored Conventions Project works with teaching partners and their students to create digital content on the rich history of Black political organizing in the nineteenth-century. Visit our Teaching Partners page to browse the curriculum and find information on becoming a teaching partner.