Curators: Melissa Benbow, PhD Candidate in English and Committee Chair. Created for ENGL/HIST 677, taught by P. Gabrielle Foreman, University of Delaware, Spring 2019, and Samantha de Vera.

Edited by Dr. P. Gabrielle Foreman.

Proofread by  Lauren Cooper, Wendyliz Martinez, Eden Mekonen, Courtney Murray, Morgan Robinson, Gabrielle Sutherland, and Kaitlyn Tanis.

Special thanks to Gale, a Cengage Company, and Accessible Archives Inc.® for granting permission for the use of the materials from 19th Century U.S. Newspaper and African American Newspapers: The 19th Century.

The Colored Conventions Project works with teaching partners and their students to create digital content on the rich history of Black political organizing in the nineteenth century. Visit our Teaching Partners page to browse the curriculum and find information on becoming a teaching partner.