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——–. “Martyr’s Day.” Weekly Anglo-African. 10 December 1859. Black Abolitionist Papers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.

Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins. 82. “Bury Me in a Free Land” by Frances Ellen Watkins Harper. Anti-Slavery Bugle. 20 November 1858. Black Abolitionist Papers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.

Loguen, Jermain Wesley. “Railroad Notice.” Syracuse Daily Standard. 25 November 1854. Black Abolitionist Papers. Web. 23 Apr. 2019.

————-. “Mr. Loguen’s Card.” Frederick Douglass’ Paper. 17 September 1858. Black Abolitionist Papers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.

————-. “Letter from Jermain Wesley Loguen to John Brown.” Sterling, ed. Speak Out in Thunder Tones, pp. 274-275. 6 May 1858. Black Abolitionist Papers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.

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Convention Minutes

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“Proceedings of the Convention of Radical Political Abolitionists, held at Syracuse, N.Y., June 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1855 (New York: Central Abolition Board: 1855).” West Virginia Archives and History,

“Proceedings Of The Colored National Convention, Held in Franklin Hall, Sixth Street, Below Arch, Philadelphia, October 16th, 17th and 18th, 1855.” Colored Conventions Project,


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Created by Jessica Thelen, PhD student in English for P. Gabrielle Foreman’s ENGL/HIST 677 class, Spring, 2019. Edited by P. Gabrielle Foreman.