Radical Black Activists And John Brown
“A Further Instalment [sic.] of Documents from Capt. Brown’s Carpet-Bag.” Daily National Intelligencer [Washington, District of Columbia] 3 Nov. 1859; n.p. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
“A Misnomer.” Daily Herald, 26 Oct. 1859, Secession Era Editorials Project, Furman University Department of History, history.furman.edu.
“A Personal Interview with Capt. Brown’s Wife.” Weekly Raleigh Register [Raleigh, North Carolina] 23 Nov. 1859: n.p., 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
“A Voice from Harper’s Ferry.” Liberator [Boston, Massachusetts] 4 Jan. 1861: 3. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
“Attempted Negro Insurrection in Maryland.” Omaha Nebraskian [Omaha, Nebraska] 29 Oct.1859: n.p. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
“Convention.” Liberator [Boston, Massachusetts] 4 Aug. 1843: 123. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
“Death of the Underground Railroad King.” Little Rock Daily Republican [Little Rock, Arkansas] 10 Oct. 1872: n.p. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
Garnet, Henry Highland. “A Letter to Mrs. Maria W. Chapman.” Emancipator and Free American [New York, New York] 30 Nov. 1843: 124, 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
——–. “Martyr’s Day.” Weekly Anglo-African. 10 December 1859. Black Abolitionist Papers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins. 82. “Bury Me in a Free Land” by Frances Ellen Watkins Harper. Anti-Slavery Bugle. 20 November 1858. Black Abolitionist Papers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
Loguen, Jermain Wesley. “Railroad Notice.” Syracuse Daily Standard. 25 November 1854. Black Abolitionist Papers. Web. 23 Apr. 2019.
————-. “Mr. Loguen’s Card.” Frederick Douglass’ Paper. 17 September 1858. Black Abolitionist Papers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
————-. “Letter from Jermain Wesley Loguen to John Brown.” Sterling, ed. Speak Out in Thunder Tones, pp. 274-275. 6 May 1858. Black Abolitionist Papers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
Nell, William Cooper. “The Colored American Heroes of Harper’s Ferry.” Liberator. 24 February 1860. Black Abolitionist Papers.
N.Y. Tribune. “The Weakness and Final Doom of American Slavery.” Charleston Mercury [Charleston, South Carolina] 27 Oct. 1859: n.p. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
“Osborne P. Anderson, colored, the last of the John Brown raiders, died the other day in Washington.” Little Rock Daily Republican [Little Rock, Arkansas] 14 Jan. 1873: n.p. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
Sharp, Granville. “Harper’s Ferry Insurrection.” Liberator [Boston, Massachusetts] 11 Nov. 1859: 179. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
“The Execution of Brown To-Day.” New York Herald [New York, New York] 2 Dec. 1859: 4. 19th Century U.S. Newspapers. Web. 21 Apr. 2019.
“The Insurrection at Harper’s Ferry.” The Frankfort Commonwealth, 21 Oct. 1859, Secession Era Editorials Project, Furman University Department of History, history.furman.edu.
“The Harper’s Ferry Invasion as Party Capital.” The Richmond Enquirer, 25 Oct. 1859, Secession Era Editorials Project, Furman University Department of History, furman.edu/academics/history.
“Minutes From The Harper’s Ferry Convention At Chatham, Canada West, 1858, P. 10,” Colored Conventions Project, coloredconventions.org.
“Proceedings of the Convention of Radical Political Abolitionists, held at Syracuse, N.Y., June 26th, 27th, and 28th, 1855 (New York: Central Abolition Board: 1855).” West Virginia Archives and History, wvculture.org.
“Proceedings Of The Colored National Convention, Held in Franklin Hall, Sixth Street, Below Arch, Philadelphia, October 16th, 17th and 18th, 1855.” Colored Conventions Project, coloredconventions.org.
Secondary Sources: Books, Documents, Websites, and Articles
Anderson, Osborne P. A Voice From Harper’s Ferry: A Narrative of Events at Harper’s Ferry, Forgotten Books, 2018.
Bennett, Lerone Jr. Pioneers in Protest, Johnson Publishing Company Inc., 1968.
Blake, Brandon. “Martin R. Delany,” Moonstone Arts Center, moonstoneartscenter.org.
Blount, Catherine Meehan. “Addison Smith,” Shrewsbury Community Association, shrewsbury- on.blogspot.com.
Boyd, Herb. “William Lambert, Detroit’s great Underground Railroad Conductor,” New York Amsterdam News, amsterdamnews.com.
Boyd, Melba Joyce. Discarded Legacy: Politics and Poetics in the Life of France E.W. Harper 1825 – 1911, Wayne State University Press, 1994.
Brewer, W. M. “Henry Highland Garnet,” The Journal of Negro History, vol. 13, no. 1 (Jan.,1928), pp. 36-52.
Butler, Gerry. “Martin R. Delany (1812-1885),” blackpast.org.
DeCaro Jr., Louis. John Brown Speaks: Letters and Statements from Charlestown, Rowman & Littlefield, 2015.
Delay, Helen. “Richard Realf, Poet and Soldier,” The Home Monthly, 8 (May 1899), p. 10-11, Willa Cather Archive, cather.unl.edu.
Foster, Frances Smith. A Brighter Coming Day: A Frances Ellen Watkins Harper Reader, The Feminist Press, 1990.
Gamber, Francesca. “The Public Sphere and the End of American Abolitionism, 1833-1870,” Slavery and Abolition, vol. 28, no. 3, 2007, pp. 351-368.
Garnet, Henry Highland. “An Address To The Slaves Of The United States,” blackpast.org, 1843.
——& Smith, McCune James. A memorial discourse: delivered in the hall of the House of Representatives, Washington City, D.C., on Sabbath, February 12, 1865. HeinOnline, 1865.
——–. “An Address To The Slaves Of The United States of America (Rejected By The National Convention, 1843.),” University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Electronic Texts In American Studies, Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
Geffert, Hannah N. “John Brown and His Black Allies: An Ignored Alliance,” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 126, no. 4 (October 2002), pp. 591-610.
Graves, Harrison; Asplaugh, Jake; Spires, Derrick. “Henry Highland Garnet’s ‘Address to the Slaves And Its Colored Conventions Origins.” Omeka RSS.2016. http://coloredconventions.org/address/
“Heritage,” Shrewsbury Community Association, shrewsbury-on.blogspot.com.
Insko, Jeffrey. History, Abolition, and the Ever-Present Now in Antebellum American Writing, Oxford University Press, 2018.
Jackson, Kellie Carter. Force And Freedom: Black Abolitionists and the Politics of Violence, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019.
“John Brown’s Fort.” NPS.gov, 17 November 2018, https://www.nps.gov/hafe/learn/historyculture/john-brown-fort.htm
“John Brown’s Fort in Chicago, 1893.” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, vol. 28, no. 4, Dec. 1959, pp 159-160.
“John Brown’s Raider’s At Harpers Ferry.” Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, National Park Service, www.nps.gov.
“John Thomas.” Historic Saranac Lake Wiki, localwiki.org.
Jones, James. “William Lambert (1817-1890),” blackpast.org.
Larsen, Julia. “James Madison Bell (1826-1902),” blackpast.org.
“Luke F. Parsons.” Kansas Memory, Kansas Historical Society, www.kansasmemory.org.
“Mary Ellen Pleasant.” World Heritage Encyclopedia, Project Gutenberg Self-Publishing Press.
McGlone, Robert E. John Brown’s War Against Slavery. Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Moyer, Teresa S. and Paul A. Shackel. The Making of Harpers Ferry National Historic Park: A Devil, Two Rivers, and a Dream. AltaMira Press, 2008.
Ofari, Earl. “Let Your Motto Be Resistance”: The Life and Thought of Henry Highland Garnet, Beacon Press, 1972.
“Owen Brown.” Kansas Memory, Kansas Historical Society, www.kshs.org.
Pasternak, Martin B. Rise Now And Fly To Arms: The Life Of Henry Highland Garnet, Studies in African American History And Culture, Garland Publishing Inc., 1995.
Paul, Heike. “Out of Chatham: Abolitionism on the Canadian frontier,” Atlantic Studies, vol 8, no. 2, 2011, pp. 165-188.
“Provisional Constitution and Ordinances for the People of the United States Written by John Brown;” 1858; Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, Record Group 94, docsteach.org.
Quarles, Benjamin. Allies For Freedom, Da Capo Press, 1974.
Reed, Harry. “THE SLAVE AS ABOLITIONIST: HENRY HIGHLAND GARNET’S ‘ADDRESS OT THE SLAVES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,” The Centennial Review, vol. 20, no. 4 (FALL 1976), pp. 385-394.
“Rev. Thomas W. Stringer (1815-1897).” Buxton Museum, www.buxtonmuseum.com.
Rhodes, Jane. Mary Ann Shadd Cary: The Black Press And Protest In The Nineteenth Century, Indiana University Press, 1998.
Rollin, Frank A. Life and Public Services of Martin R. Delany, Sub-Assistant Commissioner Bureau Relief of Refugees, Freedmen, and of Abandoned Lands, and Late Major 104th U. S. Colored Troops, Lee and Shephard, 1883.
Shackel, Paul A. Memory in Black and White: Race, Commemoration, and the Postbellum Landscape. AltaMira Press, 2003.
———–.Archaeology and Created Memory: Public History in a National Park. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2000.
Schor, Joel. Henry Highland Garnet: A voice of black radicalism in the nineteenth century, Greenwood Press, 1977.
Schott-Bresler, Kayla. “Second Baptist Church of Detroit (1836 -),” blackpast.org.
Shiffrin, Steven H. “The Rhetoric of Black Violence in the Antebellum Period: Henry Highland Garnet,” Journal of Black Studies, September 1971, pp. 45-56.
Spires, Derrick. The Practice of Citizenship: Black Politics and Print Culture in the Early United States, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019.
——–. “‘Flights of Fancy’: Black Print, Collaboration, and Performance in ‘An Address to the Slaves of the United States of America (Rejected by the National Convention, 1843)”
Stauffer, John & Todd, Zoe, ed. The Tribunal: Responses To John Brown And The Harpers Ferry Raid, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2012.
Stuckey, Sterling. The Ideological Origins of Black Nationalism, Beacon Press, 1972.
The Sandusky Library. “George J. Reynolds, Carriage Maker and Underground Railroad Conductor,” sanduskyhistory.blogspot.com
“The Wives and Children of John Brown.” Harpers Ferry National Historic Park, National Park Service, https://www.nps.gov/articles/wives-and-children-of-john-brown.htm .
Toledo, Gregory. The Hanging Of Old Brown: A Story Of Slaves, Statesmen, And Redemption, Praeger, 2002.
Westbrook, Ariana. “Osborne P. Anderson (1830-1872),” blackpast.org.
West Virginia Archives & History. “Chatham Convention Delegates: May 1858,” wvculture.org.
Yee, Shirley. “Anna Murray Douglass (c. 1813-1882), blackpast.org.
Created by Jessica Thelen, PhD student in English for P. Gabrielle Foreman’s ENGL/HIST 677 class, Spring, 2019. Edited by P. Gabrielle Foreman.