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Official proceedings of the Ohio State Convention of Colored Freemen : held in Columbus, January 19th-21st, 1853.


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4. Resolved, That the colored people of this state should, for their highest elevation, become farmers and mechanics; should prepare themselves to enter the Professions; should maintain a high standard of education and of morals, and strive for wealth.

5. Resolved, That the colored people of this state, in Convention assembled, are in favor of a law similar in its features to the Maine Liquor Law.

6. Resolved, That we recommend to the colored farmers as well as artisans, to make it a point to furnish something for the Agricultural Fairs of their respective districts, and for the State Agricultural Fair.

7. Resolved, That to he colored farmers of thisState be hereby suggested that the propriety of considering the cultivation of flax—and of aiding, thereby as much as in their power, the cotton flax movement.

8. Resolved, That we recommend to the colored people of Ohio, associated effort in business and in the acquirement of property.

9. Resolved, That this Convention hereby request the Vigilance Committee of each county to send to the State Central Committee, the number of colored persons entitled, by the Supreme Court's construction of the Constitution, to vote in said county, which account shall be filed and the number reported to the next Convention.

10. Resolved, That we regard the American Colonization Society as one of our worst enemies, in that, while in one breath it professes philanthropy—it says, for the North: "It (American Colonization Society) tends to rid us gradually of slavery," for the South: "Into our account the subject of emancipation does not enter at all;" for the East, "Every emigrant is a missionary, carrying with him credentials in the holy cause of civilization, religion and free institutions" and for the West: "The free blacks are a nuisance, scarcely to be reached in their debasement, by the heavenly light." We feel that to encourage such a society, however christian its professions, would be unchristian, or to countenance any bill in the State or National Legislature appropriating public money to forward that society's objects, would be not only unconstitutional, but self-degrading.

11. Resolved, That the Bill introduced into the Ohio Senate, lately, known as "CUSHING'S BILL," 'To prevent the further settlement of Blacks and Mulattoes in Ohio,' is diabolically worthy of its author. That while we will cheerfully keep and support every good law enacted to govern American citizens, we will never obey this Bill, should it assume the form of law, as we feel it to be at war with our self-respect, as well as the? the great principles of justice, and that like the "Fugitive Bill," being unconstitutional, like it, it should be discountenanced and resisted to the last.

12. Resolved, That in our view, the action of our Government in refusing to help Hungary, by professing no "entangling alliances," with foreign powers, and at the same time hastening to help slavery by sending Agents to Hayti to browbeat the Haytien Emperor, is all of a piece with the other slaveholding inconsistencies of our very republican and christian nation.

The first resolution was then taken up, and pending a motion for its adoption, W. H. Day addressed the convention at some length on the evils of slavery, its influence on political parties, and the servility of the church and clergy of the country to its mandates.

The second resolution was taken up, and on motion of E Davis, was adopted. The constitution growing out of said resolution was taken up and adopted Article by Article, without alteration or amendment, to Article 9th.

The hour for recess having arrived, the convention took a recess till 2 o'clock P.M.



President took the chair. Prayer by Isham Martin. The minutes of the preceding session were read and approved.

The chairman of the State Central Committee stated that the Railroad

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