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Proceedings of the Colored National Labor convention : held in Washington, D.C., on December 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th and 10th, 1869.

1869-WASHGINGTON DC-Colored national Labor Convention 12.pdf

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cause of so much misery and poverty among the working classes of the country, and we advise the organization of temperance associations as a necessary instrument for the speedy and permanent elevation of our people.

Resolved, That we regard education as one of the greatest blessings that the human family enjoys, and that we earnestly appeal to our fellow citizens to allow no opportunity, no matter how limited or remove, to pass unimproved ; that the thanks of the colored people of this country are due the Congress of the United States for the establishment and maintenance of the Freedman's Bureau, and to Major General O. O. Howard, Commissioner, Rev. J.W. Alford and John M. Langston, Esq., General Inspectors, for their co-operative labors in the establishment and good government of hundreds of schools in the Southern States, whereby thousands of men, women, and children have been and are now being taught the rudiments of an English education. The thanks of the whole people are due to these philanthropists and friends to the benevolent institutions of this, and other countries, for the means and efforts in money and teachers furnished whereby our race is being elevated to the proper standard of intelligent American citizens and we appeal to the friends of progress and to our citizens of the several States to continue their efforts ; to the various Legislatures until every State can boast of having a free school system that knows no distinction in dissemination of knowledge to is inhabitants on account of race, color, sex, creed, or previous condition ; and

Resolved, That we recommend a faithful obedience to the laws of the United States and of the several States in which we may reside ; that the Congress and the courts of the United States have ample power to protect its citizens. All grievances, whether persona or public, should be carried to the proper tribunal, and from the lowest to the highest, until justice is granted ; that armed resistance against the laws is treason against the United States and ought to be summarily punished. We further appeal to the colored workingmen to form organizations throughout every State and Territory, that they be able in those districts far removed from courts of justice to communicate with the Bureau of Labor to be established by the National Labor Union and that justice may be meted out to them as though they lived in the large cities, where justice is more liberally distributed ; that loyalty and love for the Government may be fostered and encouraged, and prosperity and peace may pervade the entire land.





The Committee on Business offered a resolution authorizing the Chair to appoint a/Committee on Public Meeting, who shall solicit material aid to defray the expenses of this Convention.

The Chair announced the standing committee on the following business of the Convention: On education, address, platform, constitution and organization, female labor, temperance, printing, co-operative labor, public lands, railroads and travel, and banks savings.

J.M. Simms, of Georgia, offered a resolution indorsing the President's message in relation to the State of Georgia and the political condition of that State. Adopted.

Mr. Hays, of North Carolina, introduced a resolution that the colored people sustain the new organ of the colored people to be published in the District of Columbia, to be called the "New Era." Referred to the Business Committee.

The Committee on Addresses was enlarged so as to embrace one from each State and Territory.

The Convention then adjourned at 4 o'clock to meet at 7.30


The Convention reassembled in the evening, and after prayer by Bishop Loguen, of New York, Mr. L.H. Douglass offered the following:

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