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Proceedings of the Colored National Labor convention : held in Washington, D.C., on December 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th and 10th, 1869.

1869-WASHGINGTON DC-Colored national Labor Convention 10.pdf

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10

for distribution immediately on the rise of the Convention, and that the following gentlemen be designated the committee : J.M. Langston, J.R.W. Leonard, George T. Downing, Cornelius Clark, and F.G. Barbadoes." The resolution was adopted.

Mr. Jones, of the District of Columbia, offered a resolution that it is expedient that we should use our best endeavors to procure four millions of acres of our public domain for our humble poor for agricultural purposes within the States composing this Union. Referred to same Committee.

Mr. Hayes, of North Carolina, offered the following, which was referred:

Whereas the march of civilization, following our American example, indicates reforms, frequently through revolution, in many parts of the civilized world, particularly in this hemisphere ; and whereas the struggling patriots of Cuba have shown by their sacrifice, philanthropy, valor, and conduct of a defense upon the principles of civilized warfare, their capacity to sustain themselves against a monarchical government to the end that "all men everywhere shall be free;" and whereas the future of a million and a half of our brethren and that of their posterity depends upon the success of the patriot arms of Cuba : Therefore it Resolved. That the Congress of the United States be assured that it is the sense of this Convention that the immediate recognition of the patriot army of Cuba as a belligerent power will meet the approval of the colored people of the country; and in the event of war growing out of such recognition this Convention pledges the full strength of colored Americans to sustain the Government.

Mr. Isaac Myers from the Committee on Platform, reported the following as the platform of the Convention, and it was read ; after which the Convention adjourned to 7 1/2 P.M.:

Whereas labor has its privileges no less than its duties, one of which is to organize, and. if need be, to furnish reasons for its organization: Therefore,

Resolved, That labor was instituted by Almighty God as a means of revealing the rich endowments of inanimate creation to be understood and used by man, and that labor is a duty common to, and the natural heritage of, the human family, each person having a natural right to labor in any field of industry fro which he or she is capacity, the right to be governed and restricted only by the laws of political economy.

Resolved, That capital is an agent or means used by labor for its development and support, and labor is an agent or means used by capital for its development and general enhancement, and that, for the well-being and productiveness of capital and labor, the best harmony and fellowship of action should at all times prevail, that "strikes" may be avoided and the workingman convinced that justice is done him, and the he is receiving an equivalent for the labor performed.

Resolved, That there should be a frequent interchange of opinions upon all questions affecting alike the employer and employed, and that co-operation for the purposes of protecting and the better remuneration of labor is a sure and safe method, invading no specific rights, but is alike beneficial to the whole community, and tens to lift the working classes to higher achievements and positions in society, presents the necessity of and increases the desire to give their children a more liberal education induces the practice of economy in the distribution of their earnings, and accretes the accumulation of wealth, with all the happiness that must necessarily ensue therefrom.

Resolved, That intemperate is the natural foe and curse of the American family, especially the working classes, its' terrible effects being to disease, corrupt, and otherwise disfigure and destroy the constitution, producing vice, crime, and poverty where peace and plenty would otherwise exist.

Resolved, That education is one of the strongest safeguards of republican institutions, the bulwark of American citizenship, and a defense against the invasion of the rights of man ; its liberal distribution to all, without regard to race, creed, or sex, is necessary for the well being and advancement of society, and that all should enjoy its blessing alike in each of the States and Territories of the United States : that educated labor is more productive, is worth, and commands, higher rates of wages, is less dependent upon capital ; therefore it is essentially necessary to the rapid and permanent development of the agricultural, manufacturing, and mechanical growth and interests of the nation that there shall be liberal free school system enacted by the Legislatures of the several States for the benefit of all the inhabitants thereof.

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