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Proceedings of the Southern States Convention of Colored Men, held in Columbia, S.C., commencing October 18, ending October 25, 1871.

1871SC-Regional-Columbia_Proceedings 88.pdf

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This monster has reduced families from opulence to penury, virtue to degradation, and respectability to disgrace.

Your Committee is fearful that the march of drunkenness is on the increase; not more so among our particular race, they are happy to say than that of any other; nevertheless, more than is beneficial, especially when we consider their present political status. Instances can be cited where they have exercised the privileges of the ballot, to the detriment of themselves and their race, whilst under the baneful influence of intoxicating drink. At all hazards this should and must be resisted, for it is apparent to all that the augmentation of this destructive influence will have an indirect tendency to vitiate our political influence, thus leaving us but a few degrees from slavery -- its twin sister.

In connection with this point, it would be well to notice that the laboring classes in the South, who receive but a mere pittance for this labor, are not unfrequently cheated out of the remnants of a year's toil by first being made intoxicated and then invited to traffic -- this being so easily done, with an uneducation class of people, by flattery and persuasion. This, in a great measure, is the underlying cause of much trouble and our continual poverty.

In conclusion, your Committee regrets that sufficient time was not afforded to enable them to adduce statistics upon this most interesting subject. They would, however, suggest, to our people throughout these United States, the discontinuance of the use of ardent spirits, and especially its introduction into the household; believing that example is more powerful than precept.

Resolved, That it is the sense of this Convention that the degrading practice of intemperance should be discouraged by all legitimate means that can be brought in opposition thereto by the representative men of this country.

Resolved, That the delegates here assembled be, and they are hereby, requested to avail themselves of every given opportunity to present this important subject of temperance before the people and urge its acceptance.

Mr. TURNER introduced the following preamble and resolution, which was considered immediately, and agreed to:

Whereas the generous and patriotic citizens of Columbia have so cheerfully and cordially welcomed us to this city, and cheered our deliberations with their presence and cordial greeting; and whereas they have opened to us their houses, and hospitably entertained us while in this city; therefore, be it.

Resolved, That we tender them our hearty thanks for the same, and will ever cherish the remembrance of this occasion, while memory has a place, or reason holds sway.

Mr. PINCHBACK introduced the following preamble and resolution, which was considered immediately, and agreed to:

Whereas, the time fixed for the assembling of this Convention was very unfortunate, owing to the important canvasses going on in several of the Souther States, and the inability of many good men to attend, in

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