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Proceedings of the Southern States Convention of Colored Men, held in Columbia, S.C., commencing October 18, ending October 25, 1871.

1871SC-Regional-Columbia_Proceedings 63.pdf

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The Committee on Outrages, to whom was referred the subject of outrages, beg leave to report that they have had the same under consideration, and report that no resolutions on outrages have been submitted to the Committee, but, from information furnished your Committee, they are convinced that some of the most brutal outrages have been committed in the States of North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, and other Southern States, by an organized band, known as the Ku Klux Klan, for the sole purpose of intimidating the colored people in the exercise of their rights as citizens of the United States. This Klan have, on more than one occasion, murdered hundreds of helpless women and children, and driven many from their homes, thereby rendering them insecure in their rights. Jails have been opened and men taken therefrom and hung. Hundreds of our leading men have been murdered, and apparently no remedy applied. In many cases those who have the power to enforce the law have acted in sympathy with the Klan by countenancing their disloyalty, and not bringing said parties to trial, and, when compelled to do so by public opinion, have drawn men on the juries who are known to be members of said Klan, or in sympathy with them. In no instance have they been convicted, except in the State of North Carolina. Your Committee recognize and commend the action of President Grant in suspending the writ of habeas corpus in the State of South Carolina, as wise and beneficial to our race, and hope that by the prompt action of the United States authorities, the members of the Klan will be brought to speedy justice. (Signed)

J. T. WALLS, Chairman.






The question was taken on agreeing to the report, and after debate, participated in by Messers. Harrison, Belcher, Nash, Turner and Hayne, was decided in the affirmative.

Mr. CAIN, from the Committee on Emigration, made the following


Your Committee, to whom was referred the subject of Emigration, respectfully report that they have had the same under consideration. In reviewing this important subject, your committee have sought to elicit whatever might immediately concern those with whom they are identified, represented in this Convention. The emigration which mostly interests us, is that which must take place within the borders of the United States. The great changes which have taken place in our country, have changed the relations of society, and opened up new avenues to the development of the human mind. The former condition of the descendants of African ancestors, in this country, precluded their making choice of the States in which they might fix their domicils, and lay the foundation for a strong basis of a moral, social, political, intellectual, and religious character. The disadvantages barring their progress in

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