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Minutes of the Freedmen's Convention, Held in the City of Raleigh, on the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th of October, 1866


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showed that there was a spirit of harmony and kindly feeling existing between the whites and blacks.

Mr. J. A. Green, of Gates, in his address spoke in the highest terms of the whites in his county.

Mr. Hubbard Little, of Montgomery, in his address spoke well of the whites in general, but we were pained to hear from him that a colored man was shot and instantly killed for trespassing on the premises of a white person, and he further states that his people are in a most deplorable condition, they having no colored church nor school house.

Mr. Thos. Hawking, of Burke, in his address states that two colored persons have recently been shot down, and the whites entertain a feeling of prejudice and animosity against the blacks.

Mr. Thos. Farmer, of Wilson, stated that the people has suffered greatly from injustice, but things begin to wear a bright future.

Mr. Louis Heagie, of Forsyth, stated that the mass of the colored people in that county were in an abject state of poverty.

Mr. J. R. Caswell announced that the Rev. Mr. Pell would address the Convention this (Thursday) evening.

Mr. Caswell also stated that Mr. Harrison would be present also.

After an address from Mr. H. Langford, of Northampton, Secretary J. E. O'Hara read answers to invitations from Ex-Gov. W. W. Holden, Col. Bumford, Brevet Major-General A. Carr of the U. S. A., and D. M. Barringer, Esq., as follows:

RALEIGH, Oct. 3d, 1866.

To Mr. James E. O'Hara, Secretary,

DEAR SIR: Your letter of yesterday, inviting me to visit the Convention of colored people now in session in this City, has been received.

The object of your Convention, as I am informed, is to promote education among your race, and thus elevate and improve it mentally and morally. This is a noble work, and one in which every patriot and philanthropist is pleased to see yon engaged. I trust the results of your labors may be for good to the colored people; and I feel sure that the country and all its material and moral interests will be benefitted in proportion as your race shall be enlightened and elevated in the scale of being.

Be pleased to convey to the Convention my acknowledgments for the invita-

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