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Proceedings of the National Convention of the Colored Men of America: held in Washington, D.C., on January 13, 14, 15, and 16, 1869.

1869 National Convention in Washington DC 36.pdf

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30

Mr. I. C. Weir, of Pennsylvania, opposed the organization of such a league in the bitterest terms. Their duty was to find out what was to be gained by forming such organizations, which the committee had not done.

Professor Sampson replied in a few words.

Mr. Clark, announced that Senator Harlan, was in the house, and moved that his name be enrolled on the list of honorary members.

The President invited Senator Harlan to address the Convention, and he made a brief but interesting speech, and closed with a recital of the closing acts to the grand victory, in the State of Iowa, amidst enthusiastic applause and his name was enrolled.

The previous question was called on the adoption of the report of the Equal Rights League Committee, and lost.

Mr. Green, moved that it be referred back to the committee for further instructions and of having officers appointed for its government. Carried.

The Chair announced that the Committee on Census were: Messrs. Wm. H. Day, Delaware; Wm. Whipple, Pennsylvania; R. B. Sorrell, Maryland.

On Lands, &c.: Messrs. John T. Johnson, District of Columbia; C. H. Peters, District of Columbia; John F. Cook, District of Columbia; George DeBaptist, Illinois; Dr. H. J. Brown, Maryland.

Bishop J. P. Campbell, Pennsylvania, stated on the authority of Mr. Wm. E. Matthews, of Maryland, that the item in Mr. Nesbit's bill due to the Christian Recorder, was not demanded by that paper, they having determined to print the call gratuitously.

Mr. Nesbit thereupon struck the item of twenty dollars due the Recorder from the bills

The following were reported by Mr. Downing, chairman of the Business Committee, and they were read and adopted:

WHEREAS the Constitution makes it, in positive and unequivocal terms, the duty of the United States to guarantee to each State in the Union a republican form of government and whereas it is left with Congress to decide what are the essential features which consti- tute a republican form of government; and whereas the idea that taxation and representation should go together, that and those who are justly governed, are governed by their ow n consent, are fixed, essential features of our Government; whereas the fundamental laws of the Government affirms that our Govesnment is a government of the people, and not of a part thereof, instancing article 1, section 2, of the Constitution, which says that the members of the House of Representatives are to be chosen, not by a part of, but by the people; and whereas the Government had its creation in the idea, not only that "all men are created equal," but that they were justified before God and man in rebelling when taxed without being represented; and whereas all the above affirm that in an American sense it is a cardinal idea of republicanism, as a form government, that the people shall have a voice as to who shall rule over them, and what shall be the laws to govern them, which can only be fairly expressed through the ballot; and whereas no class who are not secured in this privilege can feel secure in their freedom; and whereas, when the duty was imposed upon the United States to guarantee as above, it must have been contemplated, that when necessary. the people in each State of the Union should be guaranteed in this cardinal and essential

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