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Proceedings of the National Conference of Colored Men of the United States, Held in the State Capitol at Nashville Tennessee, May 6, 7, 8 and 9, 1879.


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great something, and that "somebody" the body of his fellow-citizens; that is, he must, by hard and persistent labor elevate his race to a higher plane of intelligence, wealth and morality. Let him become inspired with this as a purpose; nay, the purpose of his life, and he will soon learn to cling- to those things that contribute to it, and to abandon those that lend in the opposite direction. First of all, let him have the moral courage to be poor at first that he may accumulate a competence at the last. Let him note well the ratio between his income and his expenditures, and dispense with all that is wasteful. One of his first objects should be to secure a home of his own, and, in making the purchase, to not forget that it must include, if a farm, fencing, implements and seed, but reserve a portion of his means for these necessaries. Next, let him remember that "righteousness exalteth a nation" and that " knowledge is power," and he will in due time see that a political status established upon these sure foundations is satisfactory and permanent, while that which depends solely upon the vagaries of political parties follows the fortunes of those parties, and like them are at the mercy of every caprice of public sentiment.



By Wm. Stewart, of Bridgeton, N. J.

Mr. Chairman., and Gentlemen of the National Conference of Colored Men:

Upon invitation of a sub-committee, I wish to invite your attention to this subject by picking out a few of the weaker reasons from the many powerful ones that may present themselves for your consideration for the necessity of a National Review devoted to our interests.

We all acknowledge the power and influence of the public press; we readily see with what ease an able editor of an able public periodical makes his thoughts and opinions become the thoughts and opinions of thousands; and upon questions of public weal--- deny it as vehemently as we may the periodical that regularly visits our firesides is silently but surely moulding our opinions in the same shape and fashions as those of the mind that controls the periodical.

The daily newspaper, although the excessive and almost incredible amount of brain-work that is required to make it up fresh and new every day produces many contradictions on minor topics, biases our judgment in the long run upon matters of main and general interest, and we find ourselves tracking over the ground of the editorials and congratulate ourselves with the discovery that our favorite daily paper thinks upon those matters and things precisely as we do, and we pronounce the editor to be a man of good judgment, with a level head upon most subjects. So silent and insidious is the power of the press in conveying to our understanding, enough our eyes, the thoughts, opinions and conclusions of other men, that we do not perceive that instead of the editor expressing our conclusions we only reveal those which he has already fathered.

The weekly paper, with its more mature thought, exerts doubtless a stronger influence over a given number of readers than does a daily of the same mental acumen, as well as furnishing us with news and opinions. The weekly press of the country exerts, to a very great extent, a power in the formation of character. Most especially is this true of literary

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