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Proceedings of the National Conference of Colored Men of the United States, Held in the State Capitol at Nashville Tennessee, May 6, 7, 8 and 9, 1879.


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By Ferdinand L. Barnett, of Illinois:

Whereas we believe the American custom of spelling the word "Negro" without a capital, is an outgrowth of prejudice towards that race;

Resolved, That we call the attention of the press to the same, with the hope that the wrong will be remedied.

By David Wilson, of Huntsville:

Resolved, That this convention appoint a committee of one from each State a delegation to memorialize Congress and the Executive of the United States to locate in the West the "new Canaan" of the hope to the colored American, and from which he can found a State on Republican principles, to be governed by them, from governor down to the humblest officer, without fear or intimidation, being settlers and owning of the soil.

By Judge M. W. Gibbs : Resolution advising colored men to become land owners.

It was adopted by the Committee on Education, and will be found at the close of that report.

The author of the resolution made a short address, saying that the greatest drawback to the Negro, whether he lived North or South, was his poverty. He advised greater economy and the accumulation of wealth as one of the greatest levers of advancement and power. The colored men were going out of the South and Germans and Northern and Northwestern people were coming into it.

By H. W. Ward, of Arkansas:

Resolved, That a board of commissioners be appointed from the various States to select States and Territories whereto the colored people of the South may migrate.

By M. G. Turner :

Resolved, That the delegates from the different States elect one commissioner on migration from the delegation now in the National Conference, to which all questions of migration may be referred.

By George N. Perkins, of Arkansas ;

Resolution 1. Favoring wholesale emigration on account of oppression and intimidation.

2. That from each State one or more emigration commissioners be appointed to select homes for the oppressed.

3. Providing for the appointment of auxiliary emigration commissioners.

4. Indorsing Senator Windom's resolution.

5. Proclaiming that the Negro is not naturally inferior to the white man, and is capable of self-government.

6. To memorialize Congress for a redress of grievances.

Ex-Congressman Rainey called attention to the fact that some necessary expenses had been incurred. He desired a collection to meet these expenses.

J. W. Cromwell then read the report from the Committee on Education. [See Appendix E.]

John D. Lewis, of Pennsylvania, read the report of the

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