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Slavery in Cuba. A Report of the Proceedings of the Meeting, Held at the Cooper Institute. New York City, December 13, 1872.


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"Spain is about to appeal to the civilized world to lend money on a pledge of the revenues of the island," and for the purposes of perpetuating African slavery and compelling the unwilling allegiance "of a large majority of the sorely oppressed native population." In this relation a statement is produced from the Imparcial, a semi-official journal of Madrid,


from the beginning of hostilitie-* in Cu'ia 13,600 insurgents have been killed in battle (acciones de guerra) and 43,500 taken prisont-r-, and tliat 69,940 in- surgents have voluntarily eurrendered." As it is believed that the pris- oners captured in battl? were shot as fast as caught, the total number of insurgents slain in this island war may be set down at fifty-seven thou- sand. And yet, though some two years ago Mr. Secretary Fish repre- sented the insurgents as reduced to a swamps and mountains, which would doubtless soon be subjugated, there are prob- ably not less than twenty thousand insurgents in the lield to-day, and better few bands of stragglers in the armed and equipped than at any other time since the proclamation of the revolution. Tne Spanish side of this war account as presented in this ofiBcial des- patch ot August last from Madrid to Mr. Fish is equally suggestive of the stubborn fact that the efforts of Spain to subdue these Cuban in-iurgents have involved a greater sacrifice men and money than any other conflict against any of her revolted colonies from Mexico to Peru. It on her part of was know^n at Madrid, from official sources, that ia Auifust last the Spanish army in Cuba exceeded a hundred thousand men

that its aver- age yearly loss in the island, largely from the climate, has been at least fifteen thousand men, and that its aggregate lops may be safrly set down as at sixty thousand men fjr the four years of this dt-Btruclive war. The worst of it is that even with the subjugation of ihe insurgents ti.e i'slacd, from the waste and demoralizing effects ot this war, e.«pecial]y upon the slave population, can never more be a valuable po.-ses.'^iou to Spain. Nevertheless, the Spanish government is evidently imprer^i-ed with the idea thai with the suppression of this insurreclioD, tion known of to her the Cuban civilized system world of — Cuba African may slavery again — the and most with become the the prolonga- terrible system financial main- stay of poor Spain. There can be no pr< fit Sptin frim Cuba witli the abolition of slavery. to The examples of Jama ca under slavery and under emancipation, and of Hayti and Dominica, estibli^h this prop )sition. When SenorZorilla, therefore, declares that Spain will do nothing toward the practical abolition of slavery in Cuba until the last of the insurgents shall have laid down his arms, he means that, as Cuba would be value- less to Spain without slavery, she will maintain it while si.e holds the island. Spain means to bold the island, if she can, and to nixke it again, under her slavery system, if was before the war— a source of golden revenues, and not an island gene to decay, like St. possible, what it Domingo and Jamaica, under emancipation. But in this des-gn the moral sense of the civilized world is all against her. She stands now almost alone amorg civilized States as the uphnlder of this abomination of human slavery. But in her de^p.-rate < xtr^ mities she cannot yet think of relinquishing the rich profit^i she hopes to re- cover from the system in Cuba. Hence the diplomatic hedging of Senor Zorilla. He may not, however, have seen that disputed desp..tcli ot Mr. Fish. If not, can anythina: be easier than the sending him another

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