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Slavery in Cuba. A Report of the Proceedings of the Meeting, Held at the Cooper Institute. New York City, December 13, 1872.


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26 EXTRACTS FROM LEADING PAPERS AND OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE. [From the Evening Mail, New York, Friday, December 13, \^^2.'\ SLAVERY IN CUBA. their We obligation are glad to to see those that of our their colored race — citizen3 nearly half are roused to a million— a sense of retained in slavery in the island of Cuba. Their meeting at the Cooper Institute to- night will result, we trust, in a serious movement, and not in mere words, to fall into the sack of oblivion as soon as uttered. Eight hundred thou- sand colored freemen, with honor to themselves, cannot stand silent or patient under the consciousness that within one hundred miles from the shores of the United States there are more than four hundred thousand of their race held in slavery. Several "circumstances make it opportune and fitting that our colored fellow citizens should take this prominent position touching slavery in Cuba. As we took occasion to point out some days ago, the government of the United States is absolutely responsible for the past forty-six years of slavery in Cuba. This Is not to be denied in the face of history. The Moret law, terized as which our President, in a "feeble step" toward his emancipation last message, — even courtequsly that is not charac- tc^go into force in its " feeble," inefiFectual way, declares Prime Minister Zorilla, "so long as a single Cuban remains in revolt against Spanish authority." That is to say, as by the Moret law the beginning of gradual emancipation was placed a quarter of a century in the future, so long as one Cuban choses to keep in revolt, even the contingency made so remote by the law, is made still more remote, and more than fifty thousand infanta will be annually born into slavery. The strange avowal of the Spanish .Minis- ter, an avowed liberal, cau only be comprehended under the light of a fact recently revealed in tlie S{)anish Havana journals, that the rich Spanish slave holders on the island, having an agent at Madrid, Don Manuel ('arlo, to represent their interests and defeat all efforts looking to the subversion of slavery in Cuba, have recently furnished him with a fund of about half a million of dollars, to be used for the purposes of his mission. Those who head this subscription are leaders of the Spanish party in Cuba, like Zuleta. Their voices and their money are sufficiently Madrid to powerful at sway the action of the government, and defeat any etfort which the few Spanish abolitionists in the Cortes may attempt. The slave holders cannot be overcome at Madrid. Nothing whatsoever looking toward emancipa- tion within this century is to be hoped for from the Spanish government. Were they to attempt it, the slave holders would revolt, and therefore their dictation, made palatable by gold, is as subserviently accepted by Zorilla as by Sagasta. While the Spaniards in Cuba liave obdurately clung to slavery, on the other hand, the native slave holders, like Aldama, at once accepted the action.of the revolutionary government at Quaimaro, which put an unqual- ified end to slavery in the island. The native Cubans are all sympathy

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