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Proceedings of the National Emigration Convention of Colored People Held at Cleveland, Ohio, On Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, The 24th, 25th, and 26th of August, 1854

1854 Cleveland OH State Convention 69.pdf

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67

manufacturer and importer; so is the colony which becomes an indepen- dent State, to the country from which it recedes. Great Britain is decidedly a commercial and money-making na- tion, and counts closely on her commercial relations with any coun- try. That nation or people which puts the largest amount of money into her coffers, re the people who may expect to ohtain her great- est favors. This the Americans do; consequentlyand we candid- ly ask you to mark the predictionthe British xviii interpose little or no obstructions to the Canadas, Cuba, or any other province or colony contiguous to this country, falling into the American Union; except only in such cases where there would be a compromise of her honor. And in the event of a seizure of any of these, there would be no necessity for such a sacrifice; it could readily be avoid- ed by diplomacy. Then, there is little hope for us on this continent, short of those places where by reason of their numhers, there is the greatest com- bination of strength and interests on the part of the colored race. We have ventured to predi~t a reduction of the now nominally. free into slave States. Already has this reign of terrors and dreadful xvork of destruction commenced. We give you the quota- tion from a Mississippi paper, which will readily be admitted as au- thority in this case: Two years ago a law was passed by the California Legislature granting one year to the owners of slaves carried into the territory previous to the adoption of the Constitution, to remove them beyond the limits of the State. Last year the provisioa of this law was extended twelve months longer. We learn by the late California papers that a bill has just passed the Assembly, by a vote of 33 to 21, continuing the same law in force until 1855. The provisions of this bill embraces slaves who have been cairied to California since the adoption of her ~nstitution, as well as those who were there previously. The large majority by which it passed, and the opinions advanced during the discussion, indicates a more favora- ble state of sentiment in regard to the rights of slave holders in cal?fornia than we supposed existed. (Mississippian.) No one who is a general and intelligent observer of the politics of this country, will, after reading this, doubt for a moment the final result. At present, there is a proposition under consideration in Califor- nia, to authorize the holding of a Convention to amend the Consti

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