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Proceedings of the National Emigration Convention of Colored People Held at Cleveland, Ohio, On Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, The 24th, 25th, and 26th of August, 1854

1854 Cleveland OH State Convention 59.pdf

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57

ing the usual characteristics of color and hair, identifying them as being originally of the Africam race; no doubt, being a remnant of the Africahs who, with the Carthagenian expedition, were adventi- tiously cast upon this continent, iii their memorable adventure to the Great Island, after sailing many miles distant to the West of the Pillars of Hercules the present Straits ef Gibralter6 We Would not be thought to be superstitious, when we say, that in all this we can see the finger of God. Is it not worthy of a notice here, that while the ingress of foreign whites to this conti- nent has been voluntary and constant, and that of the blacks invol- untary and but occasional, yet the whites in the southern part have d~creased in numbers, degenerated in character, and become men- tally and physically enervated and imbecile; ~ hile the blacks and colored people have studiously increased in numbers, regenerated in character, and have grown meigally and physi~ally vigorous and active, developing every function of their manhood, and are now, in theii~ elementary character, decidedly superioI~ to the white race? So then the white race could never successfully occupy the south- ern portion of the continent; they mnst of necessity, every gener- ation, be repeopled from another quarter of the globe. The fatal errer committed by the Spaniards, under Pizarro, was the attempt to exterminate the Incas and Peruvians, and fill their places by Eu- repean whites. The Peruvian Indians, a hale, hardy, vigorous, in- tellectual race of people, were succeeded by those who soon became idle, vicious, degenerated and imbecile. But Peru, like all the oth- e.r South American States, is re~,aining her former potency, just in proportion as the European race decreases among them. All the labor of the country is performed by the aboriginal natives and the blacks; the few Europeans there, being the merest excrescences on the body politicconsuming drones in the social hive. Had we no other claims than those set forth in a foregoing part of this Address~ they are sufficient to induce every black and color- ed person to remain on this continent, unshaken nud unmoved. But the West Indians, Central and South Americans, are a noble race of people; generous, sociable and tractiblejust the people with whom we desire to unite, who are susceptible of progress, im- provement and teform of every kind. They now desire all the im- provements of North America, but being justly jealous of their rights, they have no confidence in the whites of the United States, and consequently peremptorily refuse to permit an indiscriminate 8

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