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Proceedings of the National Emigration Convention of Colored People Held at Cleveland, Ohio, On Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, The 24th, 25th, and 26th of August, 1854

1854 Cleveland OH State Convention 52.pdf

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50

a strange country, in less than six months after their arrival, "forty persons-nearly one-half of their original nurnber" -had died.

  In 1618, in the reign of James I, the British government established a regular trade on the coast of Africa. In the year 1620, negro slaves began to be imported into Virginia; a Dutch ship bringing twenty of them for sale.-Sampson's Historical Dictionary, p. 348. 
   It will be seen by these historical reminiscences, that the Dutch ship landed her cargo at New Bedford, Massachusetts-the whole coast now comprising the old original States, then went by the name of Virginia, being so named by Sir Walter Raleigh, in honor of his royal mistress and patron, Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen of England, under whom he received the patent of his royal commission, to seize all the lands unoccupied by Christians. 
  Beginning their preparations in the slave trade in 1618, just two years previousallowing time against the landing of the fir6t emi- grants, for successfully carrying out the projectthe African captives and Puritan emigrants-singularly enough!-landed upon the same section of the continent at the same time-1620-the Pilgrims at Plymouth; and the captive slaves at New Bedford, but a few miles, comparatively, South.
  "The country at this period, was one vast wilderness. The continent of North America was then one continued forest. 
  "There were no horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, or tame beasts of any kind. There were no domestic poultry. There were no gardens, orchards, public roads, meadows, or cultivated fields. --
   They often burned the woods that they could advantageously plant their corn. 
  "They had neither spice, salt, bread, butter, cheese, nor milk.- They had no set meals, but eat when they were hungry, or could find anything to satisfy the cravings of nature. 
   "Very little of their food was derived from the earth, except what it spontaneously produced. The ground was both their seat and table. ~ Their best bed was a skin. ~ - They had neither iron, steel, nor any metallic instruments.-Ramsays Hist., pp). 39-40.
   We adduce not these extracts to disparage or detract from the rcal worth of our brother Indian-for we are identical as the subjccts of American wrongs, outrages, and oppression; and therefore one in interest-far be it from our designs. Whatever opinion he

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