- A Brief Introduction to the Movement
- To Stay or To Go?: The National Emigration Convention of 1854
- The 1853 Manual Labor College Initiative
- Bishop Henry McNeal Turner
- Mobility, Migration, and the 1855 Philadelphia National Convention
- Henry Highland Garnet's "Address"
- What Did They Eat? Where Did They Stay?
- Black Wealth and the 1843 Convention
- Black Women's Economic Power
- The First National Convention
- The "Conventions" of the Conventions: Political Rituals
- A National Press? The 1847 National Convention and the North Star
- Equality Before the Law: California Black Convention Activism, 1855-65
- Conflict on the Ohio: The 1858 Convention in Cincinnati
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Scripto | Transcribe Page
Proceedings of the National Emigration Convention of Colored People Held at Cleveland, Ohio, On Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, The 24th, 25th, and 26th of August, 1854
1854 Cleveland OH State Convention 28.pdf
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—That, as a people, we will never be satisfied nor contented un-til we occupy a position where we are acknowledged a necessary constituent in the ruling element of the country in which we live.
—That no oppressed people have ever obtained their rights by voluntary acts of generosity on the part of their oppressors.
—That it is futile hope on our part to expect such results through the agency of moral goodness on the part of our white American oppressors.
—That all great achievements by the Anglo-Saxon race have been accomplished through the agency of self-interest.
—That the liberty of a people is always insecure who have not absolute control of their own political destiny.
—That if we desire liberty, it can only be obtained at the price which others have paid for it.
—That we are willing to pay that price, let the cost be what it may.
—That according to the present social system of civilized society, the equality of persons is only recognised by their equality of at-tainments,—as with individuals, so is it with classes and communi-ties;—therefore, we impress on the colored races throughout this Continent and the world, the necessity of having their children and themselves properly qualified in every respectable vocation pertain-ing to the Industrial and Wealth accumulating occupations; of arts, science, trades and professions; of agriculture, commerce and man-ufactures, so as to equal in position the leading characters and na-tions of the earth, without which we cannot, at best, but occupy a position of subserviency.
—That the potency and respectability of a nation or people, de-pends entirely upon the position of their women; therefore, it is essential to our elevation that the female portion of our children be
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