- A Brief Introduction to the Movement
- To Stay or To Go?: The National Emigration Convention of 1854
- The 1853 Manual Labor College Initiative
- Bishop Henry McNeal Turner
- Mobility, Migration, and the 1855 Philadelphia National Convention
- Henry Highland Garnet's "Address"
- What Did They Eat? Where Did They Stay?
- Black Wealth and the 1843 Convention
- Black Women's Economic Power
- The First National Convention
- The "Conventions" of the Conventions: Political Rituals
- A National Press? The 1847 National Convention and the North Star
- Equality Before the Law: California Black Convention Activism, 1855-65
- Conflict on the Ohio: The 1858 Convention in Cincinnati
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Scripto | Transcribe Page
Proceedings of the National Emigration Convention of Colored People Held at Cleveland, Ohio, On Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, The 24th, 25th, and 26th of August, 1854
1854 Cleveland OH State Convention 27.pdf
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—That a people who are liable, under any pretext or circumstan-ces whatever, to enslavement by the laws of a country, cannot be free in that country, because the rights of a freeman necessarily are sacred and inviolable.
That, as men and equals, we demand every political right, privi-lege and position to which the whites are eligible in the United States, and we will either attain to these, or accept of nothing.
—That, as colored people, in whatever part of the country we may be located, we will accept of no political rights nor privileges but such as shall be impartial in their provisions; nor will we ac-knowledge these, except extended alike to each and every colored person in such State or territory.
—That the political distinctions in many of the States, made by the whites, and accepted of by the colored people, comprise, in many instances, our greatest social curses, and tend more than anything else to divide our interests and make us indifferent to each others' welfare.
—That we pledge our integrity to use all honorable means, to unite us, as one people, on this continent.
—That we have no confidence in any political party nor politician
—by whatever name they may be styled, or whatever their preten-sions—who acknowledges the right of man to hold property in his fellow man—whether this right be admitted as a "necessary" part of the National Compact, the provisions of the Missouri Compromise, the detestibly insulting and degrading Fugitive Slave act, or the more recent contemptible Nebraska-Kansas Bill.
—That the Act of Congress of 1850, known as the Fugitive Bill, we declare to be a general law, tending to the virtual enslave-ment of every colored person in the United States; and consequent-ly we abhor its existence, dispute its authority, refuse submission to its provisions, and hold it in a state of the most contemptuous abro-gation.
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