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Minutes and proceedings of the Third annual Convention, for the Improvement of the Free People of Colour in these United States, :held by adjournments in the city of Philadelphia, from the 3d to the 13th of June inclusive, 1833.
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that the fertile soil of Upper Canada holds out inducements far more advantageous, than the desolate regions of Africa where the scorching rays of a meridian sun, blasts by its withering influence the enlivening growth of successful vegetation.
Your Committee are not unmindful of the oppressive laws recently enacted in several of the States, which dooms the free people of colour to inconveniences far more grievous than could have been anticipated, by the enlightened and sincere friends to the happiness of mankind; yet such is the uncertainty of all sublunary concerns, that laws, (which should have slept for ever in the silence of night,) have been enacted in this enlightened day, in a country possessing many beautiful Institutions, that would have been a disgrace to the most barbarous nations of antiquity. Hence, the absolute necessity for opening a door for the voluntary emigration of our people, to a region of country possessing all the advantages of a healthy and salubrious climate, fertile soil, and equitable laws. Your Committee therefore, recommend the adoption of the following resolutions—
Resolved, that this Convention most respectfully recommend to their constituents, to devote their thoughts and energies to the improvement of their condition, and to the elevation of their character, in this their native land, rejecting all plans of colonization any where.
Resolved, that should any State by Legislative enactments, drive our brethren from its jurisdiction, we will give them all the aid in our power to enable them to remove and settle in Upper Canada, or elsewhere, that they may not be compelled to sacrifice their lives in the insalubrious climate of Liberia, provided for them by the American Colonization Society.
Resolved, that for the above purpose, the Societies auxiliary to this Convention, are requested to supply our Treasury with funds.
ROBERT COWLEY, THOMAS BUTLER, MATTHEW DRAPER, THOMAS BANKS. JOHN G. STEWART.
The Committee appointed to condense the reports of the several delegations, presented their report, which was read and accepted, as follows—
The Committee appointed to condense the reports of the heads of Delegations, have had under consideration the subject submitted to them, and after a careful examination of twenty-two reports, are gratified in being enabled to state to the Convention, that an improvement in the general character of their constituents, is beginning to appear in a greater or less degree, every where among them. In some places, several Churches are established, with large congregations; several School Houses, well attended by scholars; many Temperance and Benefit Societies, and there is scarcely any places represented, where there is any considerable number of coloured people, notwithstanding the prevalence of colonization principles in some of them, where some portion of the children are
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