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Minutes and proceedings of the Third annual Convention, for the Improvement of the Free People of Colour in these United States, :held by adjournments in the city of Philadelphia, from the 3d to the 13th of June inclusive, 1833.

1833PA 15.pdf

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16

ABSTINENCE, which is evidently the only safety of the temperate, and the only hope of the intemperate.

In connexion with the earnest and faithful arguments drawn from an array of facts, alike incontestable and appalling, exposing the evils of the traffic, and of the use of Distilled Liquors, the means which have urged forward the reformation in opposition to the ignorance, the prejudice, and the cold selfishness of enemies, and the inactivity and timidity of friends; the providence of God has concurred, in a remarkable manner, so as to place the cause of temperance beyond the possibility of failure. Facts in connexion with the Cholera, the awful judgment, which has "hung sackcloth around the globe," and within the past year, converted our land into one vast house of mourning, have forcibly impressed upon this, and upon other nations, the conviction, that Intoxicating Liquors have an injurious tendency upon the human system, at once establishing the opinion, in which men, the most eminent of the medical profession in both Europe and America, harmonize, "that there is an affinity, between human disease and strong drink, "that it is invariably injurious to persons in health, and therefore the use should be discontinued."

The one million, five hundred thousand individuals, in the United States, and the one hundred thousand in England, arrayed under the banners of Temperance, respond the same sentiment. The one thousand five hundred, who have conscientiously discontinued the manufacturing of, and the five thousand who have ceased to sell the waters of death, unitedly rejoice in the principle of TOTAL ABSTINENCE.

The six hundred American Vessels, now navigating the ocean, without the use of the poison, are proclaiming to the nations in trumpet tones, that the monster is soon to be driven from the face of the globe.

The committee are happy to state, that the recommendation on this subject, given by the Convention, last year, has exerted a happy influence, in awakening attention to this subject, although owing to the sparceness of the colored population, we have no means of accurate knowledge of the number, who have pledged themselves to this cause, yet as they are more or less under the influence of Temperance Societies, and from facts before us, we are safe in stating that large numbers have signed the pledge, and are members of societies connected with the different Churches and Sabbath Schools, and of other societies in almost every section of the country.

Distinct societies have been organized in most of the cities and large villages in the states represented in the Convention, though it is not in our power to lay before you all, which in this way has been effected, yet we are gratified in stating, that societies have been formed at Washington, D. C., Philadelphia and Carlisle Penn., New Haven, Hartford and Middletown, Conn., Boston, Mass., Princeton, N. J., and in the State of New-York, at Albany, Schenectady, Utica, Syracuse, Catskill, Poughkeepsie, Newburg, Newtown, Troy, Brooklyn, and in the City of New-York there are five distinct organizations. These societies for the most part are doing well.

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