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Liberty, and equality before the law. :Proceedings of the Convention of the Colored People of Va., held in the city of Alexandria, Aug. 2, 3, 4, 5, 1865.


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no portion of the nation more deeply and profoundly mourn the loss of our dear friend, and we do most deeply sympathize with all who mourn, but most especially with his bereaved and saddened family, and we pray God to sustain his illustrious predecessor, Andrew Johnson, and make him ore than a match for his wily foes.

9. That we return thanks to Almighty God, the giver of all good and perfect gifts, for all things, and especially for the freedom of our race, and that in all the strength of our manhood we agree to agitate, agitate, agitate, until our manhood is respected.

The following preamble and resolution was offered by Rev. G.W. Parker, and unanimously adopted:

Inasmuch as we are permitted to see and enjoy the wonders of God's mercy, in the peaceable assemblage of a Convention of our people from different parts of Virginia, and of the country, and to be able here to erect our Ebenezer,14 saying "Hitherto has the Lord helped us;" and as we believe, also, that whatever advantage we have obtained as a people in connection with, and growing out of the late rebellion, has been by the special interference and blessing of God in answer to prayer--as he said, "I have seen, I have seen, the affliction of my people, and I have heard their groaning, and am come down to deliver them." Therefore,

Resolved, That while we, under the cheering influences of this delightful, and and we trust profitable convocation, would thank God and take courage, we at the same time feel that there still remains in the present crisis an increased necessity for earnest prayer and supplication and prayer to the Almighty God, that what He thus generously begun, he will carry forward by inclining the people of the State, and the authorities thereof, and of the citizens and authorities of the Government, to be favorable to our cause, until we shall enjoy all the privileges which it is the gracious purpose of our God to give, and we would earnestly and respectfully call upon all Christians to engage with us for the accomplishment of this object.

On the eve of adjournment, the President arose, and in the most feeling and impressive manner, addressed the Convention, and spoke of the necessity of calling upon Almighty God for assistance in this our great struggle for our rights. During the delivery of this address, which it was impossible to note, the audience became so deeply affected, and by request of the President, they all knelt in solemn prayer to Almighty God, with Rev. John M. Brown, who invoked the throne of grace in a manner that will long be remembered by all who were present.

After the hymn, "Blest be the tie that binds," the Convention adjourned sine die.

R. D. Beckley, President.

Wm. E. Walker, Secretary.

Copy in the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University Library, Washington, D.C.


1. The idea of the monument originated with Charlotte Scott, an exslave, on the day following Lincoln's assassination. Negroes welcomed the project, and contributed $16,242 toward its completion.

2. John Bell (1797-1869), U.S. Senator from Tennessee, was leader of the conservative elements in the South which supported both slavery and the Union. He was nominated for Presidency in 1860 by the Constitutional Union party.

3. Queen Victoria ( Alexandrina Victoria), 1819-1901, was queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1837-1901) and empress of India (1876-1901). Her parents were Edward, duke of Kent (fourth son of George III), and Princess Mary Louise Victoria of Saxe-Coburg. Her father died before she was a year old. Then in 1837, at the age of eighteen, she succeeded her uncle, William IV, upon the throne of England.

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