- A Brief Introduction to the Movement
- To Stay or To Go?: The National Emigration Convention of 1854
- The 1853 Manual Labor College Initiative
- Bishop Henry McNeal Turner
- Mobility, Migration, and the 1855 Philadelphia National Convention
- Henry Highland Garnet's "Address"
- What Did They Eat? Where Did They Stay?
- Black Wealth and the 1843 Convention
- Black Women's Economic Power
- The First National Convention
- The "Conventions" of the Conventions: Political Rituals
- A National Press? The 1847 National Convention and the North Star
- Equality Before the Law: California Black Convention Activism, 1855-65
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Proceedings of the California State Convention of the Colored Citizens, Held in Sacramento on the 25th, 26th, 27th, and 28th of October, 1865.
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In Conclusion--Brethren, we urge you to continue the good work we have so auspiciously commenced. Form committees in your respective Counties, sustain and encourage them by your irreproachable conduct, by your industry and observance of the Christian virtues. Encourage also our State Executive Committee. Give them to know that you place confidence in them and they will repose the same in you. And now, Brethren, farewell. May God keep and preserve you in the paths of usefulness.
Organization of the State Executive Committee
The members elect of the S.E.C. who were in Sacramento, held a preliminary meeting on Saturday, the 24th October. Present, Basil Campbell, Jas. Cefos, Richard A. Hall, Moses L. Rogers, John J. Moore, Wm. H. Harper, Philip A. Bell, Edward E. Duplex, and Richard P. Shorter.
J. J. Moore was appointed temporary Chairman, and E. P. Duplex, Secretary.
After some consultation it was agreed that the permanent officers of the Executive Committee be a President, Recording and Corresponding Secretaries, and a Treasurer.
Moved, by P. A. Bell, that Wm. H. Yates be elected President. Carried.
Moved, by R. A. Hall, that J. J. Moore be elected Recording Secretary. Carried.
Moved, by E. P. Duplex, that R. A. Hall be elected Corresponding Secretary. Carried.
Moved, by J. J. Moore, that R. F. Shorter be elected Treasurer. Carried.
Moved, that the first regular meeting of the Committee be held in this city on Monday morning next, at 9 o'clock. Carried.
E. P. Duplex, Temporary Secretary.
Meeting of the State Executive Committee
Sacramento, October 30th.
Present, Wm. H. Yates, President in the chair, Messrs. J. J. Moore, R. A. Hall, Basil Campbell, M. L. Rogers, Wm. H. Harpers, E. P. Duplex, J. Cefos, P. A. Bell.
Moved, that the officers of this Committee form an acting board for the transaction of general business. Carried.
Moved, that the election for County Executive Committee take place before the first of January, 1866. Carried.
It was stated that there were two vacancies in the Committee, and it was moved that I. P. Gibbs, of Sierra, and Wm. Bird, of Amador, be elected members of this Committee. Carried.
Moved, that the sum of twenty-five dollars be appropriated to P. A. Bell, Secretary of the Convention, for compiling the minutes. Carried.
J. J. Moore, Secretary.
Copy in the Harvard University Library and the Library of Congress.
1. The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was created as a Federal agency under the War Department by an act of Congress, passed March 3, 1865. Its existence as a separate branch of the national government was extended by various acts of Congress until June 30, 1872. It was administered by a commissioner in Washington, assistant commissioners in charge of districts in the South, and agents on the assistant commissioner's staffs. General Oliver O. Howard served as commissioner throughout the life of the Bureau.
The duties of the Freedmen's Bureau, as it was popularly called, were to administer abandoned and confiscated plantations, to provide clothing, shelter, medicine, and rations to Negroes and to destitute whites, and to adjust labor relations in the South.
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