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Proceedings of the First State Convention of the Colored Citizens of the State of California. Held at Sacramento Nov. 20th 21st, and 22d, in the Colored Methodist Chuch [sic].

1855CA.13.pdf

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Current Saved Transcription [history]

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -Population- - - - - - - - - - - -Wealth

Alameda - - - - - - - - - - - - - 50- - - - - - - - - - - - - $50,000

Amador - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25,000

El Dorado - - - - - - - - - - - - 1,000- - - - - - - - - - - - - 350,000

Nevada - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 400 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 250,000

Calaveras - - - - - - - - - - - - -250- - - - - - - - - - - - - 100,000

Los Angeles - - - - - - - - - - - -60- - - - - - - - - - - - - 70,000

Tuolumne - - - - - - - - - - - - -200- - - - - - - - - - - - - 73,000

Shasta - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -100- - - - - - - - - - - - - 150,000

Santa Clara - - - - - - - - - - - -50- - - - - - - - - - - - - 40,000

Sacramento - - - - - - - - - - - -500- - - - - - - - - - - - - 250,000

San Francisco - - - - - - - - - 1,500- - - - - - - - - - - - - 750,000

Monterey - - - - - - - - - - - - - -60- - - - - - - - - - - - - 45,000

Yuba - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -500- - - - - - - - - - - - - 200,000

Trinity - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -55- - - - - - - - - - - - - 20,000

San Joaquin - - - - - - - - - - -400- - - - - - - - - - - - - 40,000

Total - - - - - - - - - - -4,815- - - - - - - - - - - - - $2,413,000


William J. Hardin said:

"I beg leave to call the attention of the House to the fact that the amount, __________ millions, set down by the Committee as the probable wealth the colored population of this State, in addition to immense sums which have been, from time to time, paid to their owners by the colored men who have come here as slaves, and who, by a course of honest industry, have paid for and obtained their freedom. I adduce this as another evidence of the capability and enterprise of our race."

Rev. J. Moore: There is an expression in the report which I think should be corrected. It is this: "That we are entirely destitute of any protection in person and property by the laws of the land." This is correct, in some degree. And while we are stating our grievances, let us endeavor to do so in a spirit of thankfulness for all the favors shown us, and a edge every obligation we are under; but, above all, let us do so with truth. I, therefore, move an amendment to the report, so that it may read thus:--"That we do not receive full protection of the law, in common with the white man."

Mr. Townsend: I deny that the pitiful support which the law offers can be called a protection. Are we heard before the bar of justice? Are we recognized as having souls, and comprehending the nature and responsibility of an oath? 'Tis but a few months since a negro was stabbed in the streets of San Francisco, in the presence of twenty witnesses. The murderer was a Spanish man, he was arrested, and discharged on bail. On the day of his trial his counsel ridiculed the idea of his being punished, and said he had "only killed a nigger who attempted to strike him down." What was the result? The murderer was cleared, and in a few hours he was walking the streets openly. There is indeed a semblance of protection, but it is not real."

Mr. Wilson asked for another reading of the report; it was again read. Further debate ensued.

Mr. Anderson moved to re-commit the Report to the Committee, with instructions to amend, as proposed by Mr. Moore.

This motion was not sustained.

Mr. Stokes.--"I have listened to the Report as read, and believe it to be true in every particular. If I have a claim of $100 against a white man, and bring an action for its recovery at law, unless I have a white man who possesses the moral courage to come forward and endure the odium of a misconstructed society, and testify in my behalf, I lose my suit, and am scarcely exempt from the indignity of being kicked out of Court.

"If a man cannot swear to a plain, honest, simple account, where is the protection of law? There is none!--'tis but a shadow and a name."

Mr. Carter said he understood the Report under discussion to be merely a recapitulation of the preamble and resolves, and entirely unnecessary, and hoped it would not be adopted.

Mr. McDougall moved that the Report be referred back to the Committee, with instructions to report as soon as possible.

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