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Meeting of the [Massachusetts] State Council, in Behalf of Colored Americans

1854MA.8.pdf

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Current Saved Transcription [history]

he left an estate of five thousand dollars, which went to establish a scholarship fund for black medical students at Harvard Medical School. During his life, Hayden put much of the profits of his clothing store into the abolition movement and also helped to raise funds for John Brown's attach a Harper's Ferry.

4. Robert Morris was noted black lawyer and abolitionist. Along with Charles Sumner, he defended Benjamin Roberts, a Boston Negro, who in 1849 had sued the Primary School Committee of Boston for excluding his daughter from the school in her neighborhood. Although they lost the case, separate schools were finally outlawed in 1855.

Morris was also prominent in the Underground Railroad and served on the Vigilance Committee of Boston organized to aid escaping slaves. In 1851, Morris, along with Lewis Hayden, another Boston Black, were indicted for their complicity in the celebrated Shadrach Rescue case. Shadrach, or Fred Wilkins, was a fugitive slave and a waiter at Boston's Cornhill Coffee Shop. In February of that year, he was seized at the coffee shop and handed over for trial. Morris was one of five lawyers engaged to defend him. Before the trial could get under way, however, a group of nearly fifty blacks rushed into the courtroom , seized Shadrach, and bore him on their shoulders to the street. He later made his way to Canada. Morris and Hayden were subsequently cleared for their roles in the rescue.

5. Jeremiah B. Sanderson was a teacher in the San Francisco Colored Public School and an active worker in the black community life of California.

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