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Proceedings of the First Convention of the Colored Citizens of the State of Illinois, Convened at the City of Chicago, Thursday, Friday and Saturday, October 6th, 7th and 8th, 1853.


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Afternoon Session.

Met at 2 o'clock. Rev. H. Brown, Vice President, in the chair. Prayer by Rev. B. Parker. Ode by the choir.

The second and third resolution on Colonization were then taken up, discussed, amended and adopted.

A resolution was then offered which by J. D. Bonner, complimentary of Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe6 after which a few very happy remarks from R. J. Robinson and H. Brown. The resolution was then adopted.

The chairman of the Committee on Mechanics, A. H. Richardson, then reported, and on motion, the report was adopted.

The resolution which was offered by J. D. Bonner in the forenoon, in regard to appointing a central committee of ten, and laid over for 3 o'clock, was then taken up, and after a few remarks by Byrd Parker, it was indefinitely postponed.

A resolution endorsing the action of the National Convention in regard to the National Council was then read, and explained by J. D. Bonner and H. O. Wagoner, and unanimously adopted.

At the instance of the Rev. R. J. Robinson, J. D. Bonner then went into a detailed account of matters touching the National Council, and also the State Council.

The chairman of the Business Committee then read a letter from E. D Holton, of Wisconsin, and another from Dr. Snodgrass, of New York.

On motion of William Johnson, all the letters just read were referred to the Business Committee, to be published with the regular proceedings.

On motion of Byrd Parker, it was moved that the evening session be occupied in hearing the report on colonization, and in hearing an address from our esteemed friend and brother, Frederick Douglass.

R. H. Cain was then called for. He took the stand, and made a very sensible speech of half an hour.

The hour of 5 having arrived, the Convention adjourned, to meet at 7 o'clock.

Evening Session.

Met pursuant to adjournment. President in the chair. Prayer by the Rev. R. J. Robinson. Song by the choir.

On motion, the chairman of the Committee on Colonization, John Jones, made his able report, which, on motion, was received.

On motion of J. D. Bonner, a series of resolutions on Colonization were called up. On the adoption of the first resolution a discussion arose. It was ably supported by J. D. Bonner and J. H. Barguet, and opposed by Messrs. Wagoner, Parker, Robinson, Douglass, of New York, Donagan and Newsom. It was finally referred back to the committee for modification. The resolution was as follows:

Resolved, That we regard all schemes of colonizing the free colored people of the United States to Africa, or any other foreign land, as most wicked attempts of Southern slaveholders and their Northern abettors to force us from our native homes, and by that means perpetuate slavery in this country.

The second and third were taken up and adopted. The Convention then adjourned.

Morning Session, Saturday, Oct. 8.

President in the chair. Prayer by Alexander Smith, of Chicago. The Secretaries not being ready to report, the report on Colonization was taken up, and on motion, adopted.

The Business Committee reported several resolutions, which, after remarks by William Johnson, H. O. Wagoner, and others, were adopted by section.

On motion of H. O. Wagoner, Dr. R. L. Cooper, of Michigan, was admitted as an honorary member of the Convention.

The Chairman of the Committee on Education, R. J. Robinson, made his report, which was received. Remarks by Byrd Parker, Alexander Smith,

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