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Proceedings of a Convention of the Colored Men of Ohio, held in Xenia, on the 10th, 11th and 12th days of January, 1865 : with the Constitution of Ohio Equal Rights League.

1865OH.12.pdf

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353

OHIO, 1865

REFERENCE NOTES

1. The Colored Citizen was a weekly newspaper published in Cincinnati, Ohio, by the Reverend Thomas Woodson.

2. Wilberforce University, founded in 1856 at Xenia, Ohio, was an institution established for the education of black youth.

3. Lincoln was re-elected president in 1864.

4. Senator, governor of Ohio, secretary of the treasury in Lincoln's cabinet and chief justice of the U. S. Supreme Court (1864-1873), Salmon P. Chase (1808-1873) was a staunch defender of black rights. In May 1865, Chase began an extended Southern tour to investigate conditons in the states lately in rebellion. At Charleston, South Carolina, and elsewhere he addressed audiences of blacks, advocating Negro suffrage.

5. The statement that "we ask of the authorities prompt retaliation for any wrongs" done the black soldier while in rebel hands was probably a reaction to the Fort Pillow Massacre, which occurred on April 18, 1864. After the federal troops holding the fort, 262 of whom were colored soldiers of the 6th U.S. Heavy Artillery, surrendered to Confederate troops led by General N. B. Forrest, an indiscriminate massacre of the Negroes followed. Men were shot, pinioned to the ground with bayonets, clubbed to death while dying of wounds, and burned alive. The brutal massacre aroused tremendous indignation in the country and throughout the world.

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