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Proceedings of the Convention, of the Colored Freemen of Ohio, Held in Cincinnati, January 14, 15, 16, 17 and 19, 1852.


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BLACK 294 STATE CONVENTIONS I am "neither a prophet nor the son of a prophet," and from the 1 of the past I confess I see nothing to justify a promise of much to yo Iffuture prospects. lI We seem to have fallen on strange times. Instead seeking to reform the great evil in our own land, and to fortify and strong our own liberties, our people seem determined not merely to ex institutions over "the whole--the boundless continent here, but tore the governments of the old world, "peaceably if they if must. Whilst there exists this disposition to cut out thlS ln1mense a of work for "young America,lt candor compels me to say that my dim vision abIes me to see nothing that is flattering to your "future prospects. H This is, however, a condng future when oppression may be over--when principles of the equality of men will be •. You mar. hope for the glories of that future. You may strengthen your prospects for them by c centratingall your feeble powers to build up and sustain institutions of learning, which will disseminate knowledge, and thus increasexyour power which will purify and elevate the morals of your people, and dignify thei character. Respectfully, L. D. Campbell. The following letter was sent to various persons, the will be found in the preceding pages. Cincinnati, December 15, 1851. Dear Sir:--The Colored people of Ohio will hold a Convention, in the City of Cincinnati, on the 14th day of January, 1852. The great object' in view, is to adopt such measures, as are best calculated to enhance,the moral, social, and political interest of the colored citiz.ens of the Stat The times are auspicious for holding such a meeting. The people of old and new world, have taken up the problem of human rights, and are sol it for themselves; and knowing the deep interest you have heretoforemani ed in this SACRED CAUSE, is the only apology we have to offer, in asking your opinion as regards the present position and future prospects of the colored race in this country. That we may receive an answer at an early day, is the ardent wish of Sir, Yours very respectfully, • John 1. Gaines, William H. Day, David Jenkins, Central John Jackson. Copy in the Harvard University Library. REFERENCE NOTES 1. Millard Fillmore (1800-1874), thirteenth president of the United States, signed the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. 2. Cassius Marcellus' Clay (1810-1903), American politician and abol:l... tionist, was born in Madison County, Kentucky. Although his father was wealthy and influential slaveholder, Clay had early developed a bitterh' toward that institution. Educated at Yale, he later founded in 1845, at, Lexington, Kentucky, the True American, an uncompromising antislavery journ which subsequently was published at Cincinnati after hostile citizens had boxed his printing equipment and shipped it there. During the Civil War, Clay was a close friend and advisor of Abraham Lincoln. 3. Horace Mann (1796-1859), educator and antislavery Whig member of Congress, was known as the "Father of the American Public School System" cause of his work in reorganizing the entire public school system of Mas setts. 4. Charles Durkee, an influential supporter of black Republican senator from Wisconsin during the 1850's. 5. Benjamin Franklin Wade (1800-1878), antislavery senator from Ohio served from 1851 to 1869. Wade was a Whig at first and then joined forces with the Republican Party. A vigorous and uncompromising supporterofb rights, he was associated with the Radical Republicans in Congress during

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