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Proceedings of the Convention, of the Colored Freemen of Ohio, Held in Cincinnati, January 14, 15, 16, 17 and 19, 1852.


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293 OHIO, 1852 sal liberty and is already dawning upOn the world, and every ion and every race W1l1 soon enjoy its glorious light. Whatever changes add to the freedom and happiness of one portion of the human family, ind1rectly, perhaps, but certainly contribute to improve the cOndi- tion of the rest of mankind. In all the triumphs of modern science and art, and in all the progress of the age,'the colored race has a deep interest have suffered more than others, a greater change therefore awaits them and they may look-forward with fonder hopes to the "good time coming." Saxons feel and pride an augur for themselves a.glori- from whatever 1S by that race in any of its homes, so may the colored race draw encouragement and hope from whatever it is iuthis or other countries. Every successful effort of individuals or of com- ,munities that serves to demonstrate the capabilities of your race will tend to ,'qj.sarm prejudice and ensure your respect. You have a deep interest in the personal success of each other, but a still deeper interest in the success of the experiments you are making as communities, wqatever motives or causes have placed you in this country, in the West Indies, on the coast or in the in- terior of Africa, the necessity of mutual sympathy and co-operation is the same; will benefit all, failure any where will he equally widespread Whether your development as individuals and as a race will be best secured by being scattered over the whole country in immediate contact with other races, or by.association as a separate community in some parts of it, orin the West or on the coast of Africa is a deeply interesting problem, the solution of which, if now difficult, may some day be pointed out more clearly by the finger of Providence, meanwhile I fully recognize the right of every human being to dwell in any part of God's earth where he may rihoose, and to enjoy there all the rights and blessings that pertain to hu- manity. I cannot believe that you are destined to be swallowed up and ab- sorbed Dyany other race, neither can I for 'a moment believe that God has Msigned you to continue to be "hewers of wood and drawers of water" for other men. Your race has a noble destiny and its own measures of growth and, happiness to fill and enjoy. I rejoice that you meet to discuss all the questions that relate to your well being,and that some of you who have words of wisdom are ready to utter them. I rejoi:e that thOSe of you who possess wealth are willing to lay it on the altar of and progress. I rejoice also to know that so many of yOUr people are striving to obtain that liberty and industrial education 'will qualify them to diSCharge their duties to themselves and to society. You have friends of whose sympathy and assiStance you may be assured, but after e,llyou will not forget that God helps those only who help themselves. "Who would be free themselves must strike the blow." Your frienq, Norton S. TownShend. House of Representatives, Washington, Jan. 5, '52. Messrs. John I. Gaines, and others, Cen. Com., &c-- The courteous terms of your letter. of the 17th ult., asking my opinion "e,sregards the present position and future prospects of the colored race in this country," requires me at least to acknowledge its receipt. I regard the "pret;ent Wt;:!tion" of your race in this COUntry, as infinite- ly worse than it was ten years ago. The States which were then preparing for gradual emancipation, are now endeavoring to extend, perpetuate and strengthen ,slavery! In otherS where the master then could teach a slave, he is now a criminal if he attempts to enlighten him! A vast amount of territory which was then free is now everlasting dedicated to slavery! The citizen of a free 'state could then speak a kind word to a fugitive for liberty withoutmolesta- tiOll; if he does so now he hazards an indictment and trial for treason! These "e,re but a portion of the fruits (bitter as they may be to your people,) pro- iluced during the last ten years of this "age of progress and reform" through which cost our nation two hundred and thirty milliont; ofdollars,14 and number of precious lives of her citizens. And I may add that all this has been accompliShed in the face of the various party organizations which have professed to labor fOr different results.

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