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Proceedings of the Convention, of the Colored Freemen of Ohio, Held in Cincinnati, January 14, 15, 16, 17 and 19, 1852.


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OHIO, 1852

The Agricultural and mechanical interests of our people seems entirely to have been forgotten. As these two branches are those that in the opinion of the most enlightened statesmen are the most important and as in the struggle for elevation among us, we should not forget the main lever around which plays the beautiful machinery of government, therefore would your committee beg leave to submit the following:

Resolved, That the State Central Committee shall require and obtain in the couse of the year, full statistics from the county committees relating to the wealth, the educational, agricultural and mechanical interests of the colored people, and

Resolved, That the Central Committee shall report the same to the next State Convention.

All of which is respectfully submitted. Wm. R. Casey.

January 19, 1851.

Report of the Committee on Church Action

The select committee to whom was referred the resolution on church action, would respectfully report the following:

Resolved, That we believe the majority of the Churches in this land to support slave-holding, by holding their own brethren in bonds, or countenancing those who do--that the Gospel is one which brings deliverance to the captive, and that unless the Church places slave-holding on a level with man-stealing, and both on a par with theft, arson, or adultery, and discountenances them accordingly, she fails not only of her high mission, but in that essential characteristic given her when denominated by Jesus as the "Salt of the Earth."

Resolved, That any "Colored Church" which will not do all in its power to discountenance slave-holding and slave-holding apologists, shows a great want of self-respect, a want of intelligent devotion to their own cause, and deserves the disfellowship of all good men.

Resolved, That we hereby give our hearty God-speed to all those Churches and Associations, which, standing out from slavery and its influence, are striving for a pure Christianity. Adopted. Wm. H. Day, Peter H. Clark, Lovell C. Flewellen.

The act passed February 10, 1849, for the establishment of Schools for the education of colored children, bring generally misunderstood, and in many cases, notoriously perverted; to the great injury of the cause of education among us, thus defeating the object of the framers of that act, the convention deemed it important, that the points sustained by the decision of the Court in Bank, in the case of the Directors of the Colored Common Schools, vs. the City of Cincinnati, should be placed before the people of the state, that they might be guided by it, in the formation of School Districts. They are as follows:

The act "to authorize the establishment of separate Schools for the education of colored children; and for other purposes," passed February 10, 1849, "places colored youth, in Ohio, upon an equal footing with white youth, in respect to Common Schools; and if colored youth in any district, are excluded from Schools for white youth, in the manner indicated in the act, they are entitled to share pro rata with white youth in the Common School funds of such District."

The "special tax for district purposes" referred to in the third section of the act, "relates to special taxes for building and repairing School Houses, and the like assessed in particular Districts, and does not embrace general taxes levied on a City at large, and common to all Districts."

In conformity with a resolution the President appointed the following committees:

Mercer County

Post Office Address

{H. Hurd, J. Dover, Wm. P. Trust.} Chickasaw

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