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Proceedings of the Convention, of the Colored Freemen of Ohio, Held in Cincinnati, January 14, 15, 16, 17 and 19, 1852.
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BLACK STATE CONVENTIONS
That, they consider the employment of the farmer to be the most honorable and independent that colored persons can follow at this critical period, and they would recommend to our people, to leave the menial services of towns and cities, and
1st. Learn the science of agriculture by observing the manner that the best farms are conducted.
2d. To purchase books treating on agriculture and horticulture and the proper style of managing domestic affairs.
3d. We recommend as suitable works, Mrs. Lincoln's book on Botany, Cobbert's Gardener and the Ohio Cultivator, published at Columbus. Also, the Ohio Farmer, published at Cleveland.
4th. In order to get farms, either by purchase or otherwise, we recommend them to purchase, rent or lease the thousands of uncultivated acres of this State.
5th. To settle in number sufficiently large to be able to erect schools, churches and machinery, and thus enjoy the comforts of life; live, work and be happy in the land of their birth, where their fathers fought, bled and died, to establish a home in which their descendants might thus live.
6th. To attend the County and State Agricultural fairs; exhibit their fine stock, their fruits and manufactures and if possible claim the highest premiums.
H. Hurd, Chairman.
Report of the Select Committee on Press
It has been and still is an admitted fact that no people can be truly elevated or get beyond the dire and inhuman grasp of the oppressor without the means to enforce and encourage education, industry and morality--this is especially true in relation to the colored people of the west. The best and most speedy means to raise our people from their present stupor and cause them to see more clearly their critical situation, is the establishment and support of an efficient paper that shall advocate and encourage the cardinal principles of our elevation. Therefore,
Resolved, That immediate steps be taken by this Convention for the permanent establishment and support of such a paper.
We submit the following plan:
1st. That a fund of $1000 be raised by the formation of a joint stock company, each share of which shall be worth $50, half of which shall be paid on or before the first day of June 1852, to such person or persons as the committee may appoint; the balance by the 1st day of September, 1852.
2d. That an Agent be appointed to sell the stock and purchase a press.
3d. That it be edited and published by a committee of three, appointed by the stockholders and subject to their order.
4th. That the name and terms of the paper be left to the stockholders.
G.R. Williams, W.H. Day, C.H. Langston.
Gentlemen of the Convention:
Your committee to whom was referred the subject of Statistics, beg leave to report the following:
In the statistics furnished me by the members from thirteen counties, I find that the colored people of those countries own in Real Estate, property which, according to the tax valuation amounts to $1,264,350. Of the personal properties and monies no account has been taken. In the opinion of the committee this is a very important matter and deserves to be taken into account at the next Convention. In the counties heard from there are 15 benevolent societies reported, all of which seem to be accomplishing an important mission. Some few of the counties have reported in regard to schools and educational movements, but as this has not been generally the case your committee make no report concerning them.
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