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Proceedings of the Convention, of the Colored Freemen of Ohio, Held in Cincinnati, January 14, 15, 16, 17 and 19, 1852.
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BLACK STATE CONVENTIONS
On the Press--D. Jenkins, W. H. Day, H. F. Douglass, L. D. Taylor and P. H. Clark.
During the progress of the Convention letters were read from several distinguished citizens.
One from C. M. Clay, 2 Esq., which was pointed, eloquent, and manly; it was received with much applause. One from Hon. Horace Mann,3 which constituted the main feature of the correspondence, it was able, argumentative and full of advice. It was received with a round of applause. One from Hon. Charles Durkee,4 in every line of which could be seen the true philanthropist. One from Hon. B. F. Wade,5 which was able, truthful and eloquent.
One from Hon. N. S. Townshend, which was able and practical. It was received with much applause. One from Hon. L. D. Campbell, which though earnest and frank, was nevertheless gloomy; it was received in silence and sadness. The letters will be found on the last pages, and we ask for them a careful perusal.
The subjects which enlisted most the attention of the Convention, were the resolutions in relation to Kossuth,6 forming military companies, the case of Shadrach7 the slave, and Emigration to some point on the American continent, and the one on church action. But the subjects which transcended all others in interest were those of Emigration and Colonization.
The discussion on Emigration commenced on one evening and was not terminated until the afternoon of the next day.
The principal speakers were J. M. Langston, of Oberlin, C. H. Langston of Columbus, P. H. Clark, of Cincinnati, and H. F. Douglass, of Columbus, in favor of emigrating, and Wm. H. Day, of Cleveland, and John I. Gaines of Cincinnati in opposition.
The speeches were able and eloquent, pro and con, and created much interest in the community.
The final vote on African Colonization was complete, only two men in the whole body dared to record their vote in favor of the wicked system. On the subject of emigrating to some point on this continent en masse, (the colored people,) the vote stood 36 in opposition and 9 in its favor. This terminated the question which is at this hour absorbing the interest of the leading colored minds of this State. The interest taken in the Convention by the community, exceeded all anticipations. The large Baker street church was filled day and night and many had to go away for want of seats, and though the Convention lasted five days and four nights, the interest was not abated; and when the President announced that the the body had adjourned sine die, three hearty and earnest cheers were given for GOD and LIBERTY.
Preamble and Resolutions.
Whereas, the most cruel and bitter prejudice exists in the United States against the colored race--a prejudice unjust, unnatural, and opposed to the civilization of the age. And whereas, if this state of things is changed and the colored people assume their proper station, it must be by virtue of their own individual action, Therefore,
1. Resolved, That the colored people can do more to elevate themselves and break down the illiberal prejudice, which bears upon them as a millstone to blight their prospects, by an honest truthful effort, than can, or will be done, by any or all other agencies combined.
2. Resolved, That self-respect is a first and essential element, for he who does not respect himself, no one else will respect him, and what is true of one is true of a nation.
3. Resolved, That they (the colored people) should aspire to be the equal of the "Saxon," equal in intelligence, wealth, enterprise, commerce, mechanism, arts and science.
4. Resolved, That the surest mode of being intelligent is to study the best Magazines, papers, authors, and in this way every one may be well posted up in the history, philosophy and literature of the times.
5. Resolved, That wealth may be acquired by industry and economy, and believing it to be the great lever of improvement, they, the colored people, should live within, not beyond their income, in order to attain it.
6. Resolved, That enterprise may be facilitated among us by two or more persons forming themselves into a company, and creating a fund from time to
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