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Minutes of the State Convention, of the Colored Citizens of the State of Michigan, Held in the City of Detroit on the 26th and 27th of October, 1843 for the Purpose of Considering Their Moral & Political Condition, as Citizens of the State.

1843MI.17.pdf

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blacks, held at Detroit in 1843, he also, in the following year, vigorously spoke for and supported the candidate of the Liberty Party.

With the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, which struck terror in the hearts of the free black community and sent thousands fleeing into Canada, Bibb formed a colonization society to aid in resettling his people there. In 1851, he established in Detroit a bi-monthly newspaper entitled The Voice of the Fugitive. His Refugee's Home Society, founded at Detroit in May 1851, sought through public grant or private purchase from the Canadian government sufficient land to be distributed to refugee blacks in twenty-five acre plots.

An active figure in the antislavery movement, Bibb helped form the Anti- Slavery Society of Canada in 1851 and, in 1852, was. appointed a vice-president of the group. His Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb appeared in 1849. Frederick Douglass reviewed it and noted in the North Star (Aug. 17, 1849) that Bibb's work was "one of the most interesting and thrilling narratives of slavery ever laid before the American public. . . . We deem the work a most valuable acquisition to the anti-slavery cause, and we hope that it may be widely circulated throughout the country."

2. William Wilberforce (1759-1833), aroused to the antislavery cause by Thomas Clarkson, began to work in Parliament in 1787 to end the slave trade. The slave trade was abolished in 1807.

3. Thomas Clarkson (1760-1846), pioneer British abolitionist, was active for over sixty years with Granville Sharpe and Wilberforce in the battle against slavery and the slave trade.

4. In 1837, Elijah P. Lovejoy (1802-1837), a clergyman who had an antislavery paper in St. Louis, was forced to leave that city and carry on his work in Alton, Illinois. Here·he organized the Illinois Anti-Slavery Society and edited the Alton Observer. Pro-slavery mobs destroyed one printing press after another, and, on November 7, 1837, the night after third press was installed, the printing office was attacked and Lovejoy killed while defending his property.

5. A northern politician over-anxious to please the South was a "Dough-face." The term is believed to have been invented by John of Roanoke.

6. The reference is to Nathanael Greene (1742-1786), American Revolutionary general. He should be distinguished, however, from Christopher Greene, Revolutionary soldier, identified below.

7. On December 18, 1814, General Andrew Jackson issued the following proclamation to the free people of color:

"Soldiers! when on the banks of the Mobile I called you to take up arms, inviting you to partake the perils and glory of your white fellow citizens, I expected much from you; for I was not ignorant that you possessed qualities most formidable to an invading enemy. I knew with what fortitude you could endure hunger and thirst, and all the fatigues of a campaign.

"I knew well you loved your native country, and that you, as well as ourselves, had to defend what man holds dear--his parents, wife, children, and property. You have done more than I expected. In addition to the previous qualities I before knew you to possess, I found among you a noble enthusiasm which leads to the performance of great things.

"Soldiers! the President of the United States shall hear how praiseworthy was your conduct in the hour of danger, and the representatives of the American people will give you the praise your exploits entitle you to. Your General anticipates them in applauding your noble ardor.... " See Philip S. Foner, The Life and Writings of Frederick Douglass (New York, 1950), II, 265.

8. Herodotus (484?-425? B.C.), Greek historian, was called the father of history.

9. Pindar (518?-c.438 B.C.), Greek poet, was generally regarded as the greatest Greek lyric poet. He travelled widely throughout the ancient world, but lived principally at Thebes.

10. Aeschylus (525-456 B.C.), famous Greek writer of tragedy, was the predecessor of Sophocles and Euripides.

11. Solon (c. 639-c. 559 B.C.), Athenian statesman and founder of Athenian 'democracy, is best known as a lawgiver and reformer.

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