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Minutes of the State Convention, of the Colored Citizens of the State of Michigan, Held in the City of Detroit on the 26th and 27th of October, 1843 for the Purpose of Considering Their Moral & Political Condition, as Citizens of the State.


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and put him out of doors, after which, the city Marshal was sent for, who came and took him in custody and held him to bail for his appearance at the Mayor's court, to answer to the charge of disturbing the public peace.

The Convention was again permitted to resume its business. The following resolution of R. Gordon's, was called up, and after being ably discussed by J. Brooks, R. Gordon, and others, was adopted.

Resolved, That alcohol is not a product of creation, but regenerates after the life of the original is dead; therefore it is the mother of misery, the bane of society, and life-blood of oppression; for it dethrones the reason, stupefies the conscience, and hardens the heart; therefore the use of it is detrimental to an oppressed people.

On motion, adjourned until 7 o'clock in the evening.

Friday evening.

After singing a Liberty song, the convention was opened with prayer by Wm. Dolerson. Minutes read and approved.

The committee appointed to report on the subject of Education, submitted, through their chairman, Willis R. Wilson, the following report:

Mr. President, the committee on the subject of Education, after a short consideration, respectfully submit the following REPORT:

As Education is the great rampart in protecting Human Liberty, we should as an Oppressed People, encourage it to its fullest extent. As the ball of oppression is now about to burst, let us arouse to a sense of our duty. With our crippled minds we see the season of reflection has come. Therefore let us exert ourselves--let us cultivate our minds, and we may yet glean a rich harvest for ourselves and posterity. To do this, let us lay the corner stone with a mutual desire for a general diffusion of knowledge, based on the principles of Human Liberty and Equal Rights. By so doing, we will increase our individual happiness and prosperity, by improving the minds of our people and elevating the standard of Liberty, raise ourselves up and take our stand with the well informed. Then let us be consolidated into one party, not sectarian, but the true Liberty and the Free-Knowledge-Dispensing Party. As our youths are coming up, it behooves us to put them on the right track, that they may not tread the paths of vice and misery. Let us arouse from our lethargy, and by appeal to the liberal minded and generous hearted, we will retrieve that which has been kept from us by the unjust. Let the palladium of Liberty be sounded, let the voices of our parents, wives and children, be united with our own, and with one united and vigorous effort, raise ourselves from the state of disgraceful despondency into which we are plunged, and place ourselves on a level with our energetic rivals, by ingrafting into the minds of our youth, virtue and intelligence, which will in time to come, bring forth fruit pleasing to the eye, and which will cheer us in our declining years and cause them to bless our memory, when we are cold in the grave.

Therefore be it resolved, that we use our utmost endeavors to educate our children. WILLIS R. WILSON, ch'n of Com.

The above report, after being submitted, was unanimously adopted.

Wm. Lambert, chairman of the committee to draw up an Address to the State, then submitted the following report, which was received with great applause, and unanimously adopted.

Mr. President, the committee appointed to draw up an Address to the State would now respectfully report and submit the following address to your consideration:


Fellow Citizens,--The State Convention of Colored citizens, assembled in Detroit, October 26th, and 27th, to consider their political condition, in behalf of their people in this State, would respectfully address you on a subject to them of the most vital importance.

We, the oppressed portion of this State, rejoice that we are the native born inhabitants of a country that professes to be the land of the free, and an asylum for the oppressed of all nations.

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