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Minutes of the State Convention, of the Colored Citizens of the State of Michigan, Held in the City of Detroit on the 26th and 27th of October, 1843 for the Purpose of Considering Their Moral & Political Condition, as Citizens of the State.


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incentive to vice which will infallibly produce misery, and so surely as the earth will bring forth noxion weeds when left uncultivated, so surely will one vice beget another, which, if not eradicated, will multiply to an alarming extent, until its victims become a pest to civil society, and a disgrace to mankind.

Resolved, That productive labor is the legitimate source of all our wealth, individual and National, and this labor is profitable to us as a nation.

The following resolution, by J.W. Brooks, was ably supported by John Riggs, and adopted:

Resolved, That whereas agriculture is the bone and sinew of our country: Therefore be it resolved, that we recommend it to our people as best calculated to promote their rise and progress in this State.

The following resolution by John Riggs, was ably supported by himself and others, and adopted:

Resolved, That whereas, for fourteen years, our cause has been agitated by our warm hearted white friends, yet we find ourselves the objects of oppression: Therefore be it resolved, that we awake to the importance of our own cause by united action for the promotion of literary institutions of our own, and encourage agriculture and mechanism among ourselves, and thereby establish a character which will do much to lighten the burdens of our suffering brethren in the South.

The following resolution was offered by O. P. Hoyt, through the business committee:

Resolved, That we recommend to our people throughout the State the great necessity of their using their utmost endeavors to procure education for their children, moral, mental, and political, that they may in due time be qualified to demand, and able to appreciate their rights, and thereby become good and useful citizens.

On motion of H. Jackson, Resolved, That a committee be appointed to report on the above resolution. Adopted.

The following gentlemen were appointed as said committee: Willis R. Wilson, Asher Aray, Alford Derrick.

On motion, adjourned to 2 o'clock, P.M.

Friday Afternoon.

After singing a Liberty Song the Convention was opened with prayer by J. Anderson. Minutes read and approved.

The business committee then reported the following resolutions from the following members, and which, after being ably supported were adopted:

The following resolution of Thomas Freeman, was ably supported and adopted.

Resolved, That the mechanical arts if practically adopted and carried into effect by us, would wear upon the prejudices of the community--put to silence the unworthy aspersions with which we are assailed,--overcome the obstacles now in our way, and lead us forth to the happy issue of our equal political rights.

The following resolutions of O.P. Hoyt, were ably discussed and adopted.

Resolved, That it is the duty of those among us, who are parents, to give their children trades, where circumstances will admit, it is therefore the duty of each and every one of us to give the preference and support, by patronage to those among us who are mechanics, and thereby enable them to support apprentices.

Resolved, That we, the colored citizens of this State (being well convinced that neglect is in a great measure the cause of degradation) form throughout the State, among our people, Moral Reform societies, the object of which shall be to cultivate good morals, and to instill into the minds of each other, habits of industry, and that said societies shall correspond with each other throughout the State, upon the great topics of education, temperance, morality, human liberty, and equal rights.

The Convention was here again interrupted by Almond Goff, the leader of those eight individuals who disturbed the Convention on the previous day. The President requested him to sit down and be silent, which he refused to do, and declared that no business should be done, unless he had a hand in it, he thus continued to disturb the Convention until the members seized hold of him

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