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Proceedings of the State Convention of Colored People : held at Albany, New-York, on the 22d, 23d and 24th of July, 1851.

1851NY.14.pdf

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67 NEW YORK, 1851

Georgia, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 551

Alabama, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

Mississippi, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 505

Louisiana, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

Tennessee, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244

Kentucky, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255

Ohio, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Indiana, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Illinois, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Missouri, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Michigan, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Iowa, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Total number sent by the Society, . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,116

RECAPITULATION

Number born free,, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,315

Number that purchased their freedom, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165

Number emancipated in view of emigrating to Liberia, . . . . . 3,636

Number of liberated Africans sent by the U. S. Government, Including 756 by the Slave Ship, "Pons,". . . . . . . . . . 1,044

Total number sent by the Society and U. S. Government, . 7,160

Your committee invite your attention to the bold move of our adversaries in the presentation of their "Briant" scheme, and "Stanton"20 report 'to the last Congress, in order to secure the co-operation of the General Government, which, (through such a compact,) shall become the chief colonizer, in sending from her shores to an uncongenial and unwelcomed clime, her native born citizens; citizens as loyal to the general interests and liberties of the country in '51, as their ancestors in '76; equally as faithful in their allegiance to the government under a just, impartial administration of its constitutional laws now, as were their patriotic sires, whose blood moistened Bunker Hill, Red Bank, Valley Forge, on the lakes Erie and Champlain, and other noted memorable battle grounds, of the revolutionary and the last war.

In this last rally of the colonizationists, the gigantic proposition above mentioned, it is proposed that the government should build large mail steamers, (subject to be converted into war steamers,) to ply between the United States and the west coast of Africa, at intermediate maritime ports, to carry out emigrants at $10 per head, just one-fifth of what the society now carries them for. Nothing said, of course, about bringing them back, should they be disappointed in the country, or finding the hot climate disagreeable and injurious to their health and life; for once there, there you must remain.

Let it not be said that none desire to return. We have proof to the contrary of this. The object is to get you out of this country by suasion and possibility, if it can be done; but not to bring you back under any circumstances whatever.

And for the completion of this, all kinds of chicanery and stratagem will be employed to allure the people thitherward; the eternal summer, and the earth's enduring verdancy; the salubrious climate, and the double crops of its fertile soil; its growing marketable productions, and the independence of its inhabitants; the enjoyments and privileges of its citizens, will be pictured forth in glowing colors, to deceive you.

We implore you, fellow countrymen, by reason of the association that cling around you; by virtue of the interests that endear your attachment to your native land; because of the holy ties of consanguinity, identification, and the obligations of brotherhood, and humanity, you owe those in bonds, as bound with them, to let none of these delusive mirrors confound and entrap

Yet in the face of all this, we have noticed recently, movements among the people in Ohio, and Maryland, of a disposition, to organize, themselves into societies, (to their shame be it recorded,) for the purpose of emigrating to Liberia, under the auspices of the American Colonization Society. Pray

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