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Scripto | Transcribe Page
Proceedings of the State Convention of Colored Men of Texas, Held at the City of Austin, July 10-12, 1883.
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done only for the purpose of further demoralizing those persons, especially so where they are only county convicts.
RAILWAYS, INNS AND TAVERNS.
The criticisms and censures of many, that colored persons in demanding admission to first class cars are forcing social intercourse, are unjust and unwarranted. For those who censure know that if the companies were to furnish accommodations for colored passengers holding first class tickets equal to the accommodations furnished white passengers holding the same, though such accommodations be in .separate cars, no complaint will be made. But selling two classes of passengers the same kind of tickets at the same time and price, certainly sells to them the same accommodations and privileges. The colored people. like any other class of citizen, will contend for the right in this matter as long as our Constitution reads, " all men when they form a social compact have equal rights," and even longer.
We would also state that we do not contend for the privilege of riding in the car with whites, but for the right of riding in cars equally as good and for the mutual right of riding in their car if they have a separate one whenever they are peniiitted to ride in ours if we have a .separate onm We Wieve the State laws to be ade.juate to protect us in every right, and that there is no necessity of appealing to a law of Congress unless the laws and government of our own State refuse to recognize and protect these rights.
As for accommodations at public inns, i.iveins an.i hotels; wc have the same right as other races to be accommodated equal terms .ami conditions, though we cannot compel them to .iccoimn, •! uc us it, the same room at the same table or even in the .same budding, but the proprietor can be compelled to make provision as good. We recognizi the fact that our State law is as adequate to protect a colored man in the exercise of his rights as it is to protect a white man. While not encouraging the contention for our rights at hotels when we can make other provision, we recommend our people to invoke the aid of the courts when their rights with reference to railroads are vtidated. and ask that they asseit our rights thereon by such damages as are sufficient to assert them.
The prevailing piactice among sheriffs and jury commissioners of sum moning jurors exclusively white or nearly so, is in direct violation of the' laws of th.s St.ate, for no person is di.^qualified .as a juror on account of his color. If the sheriff and commissionets exclude any one by practice on account of color. It IS such an exclusion as is not contemplated by law for the parties summon,ng cannot excuse themselves by saying they knew of none who could read and write, for that is a qualification they are to assume and let the court test jurors' qualificat.ons after they are summoned. A juror who sits in judgment on a case involving the rights of a man whom he regards with less consideration than he dots niunbtrs of his ovn class, is in
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