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Hampton Negro Conference. Number III. July 1899.

1899VA-State-Hampton_Proceedings (46).pdf

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45

give, but that they did give freely for the protection and elevation of their own race."

SANITATION

As a sample of the overcrowding in cities, an instance was cited of a room which was found in an alley in a large city, containing fourteen people, no three of whom were related. Other examples were given of similar cases in one-room cabins and in other cities. In the course of the discussion it was said that bad sanitation was due to ignorance,—ignorance of the laws of health and of the laws of community. Dr. Cole said she had repeatedly found families complaining of bad conditions, who were entirely ignorant of their rights and privileges under the law. Women are needed who have sufficient missionary spirit to enable them to go among the people in the slums, and tell them of their legal rights in this matter, to talk to them of the need of ventilation, and to induce each family to live by itself, instead of herding with others and encouraging immorality. Mothers' meetings were suggested as a helpful means of reaching the people; they have already done great work.

DRESS AND HOME LIFE

Mrs. Orra Langhorne, a southern white woman, well-known to the readers of the SOUTHERN WORKMAN, spoke to the conference of the evils of extravagance and imprudence in dress, admonishing teachers and ministers' wives to be careful about their influence in these matters. Thick-soled shoes and simple dresses, and hats were strongly recommended as necessary factors in the improvement of the race. Mrs. Langhorne also spoke of the good work along many lines being done by colored women in Lynchburg and other southern cities and of the help and interest given to this work by white women.

Mrs. Titus reported on the efforts made in Norfolk and vicinity by the Peoples' and Woman's Conferences. Besides sewing and cooking classes, mothers' meetings, and boys' and girls' clubs, now becoming common in the South, Mrs. Titus spoke of two special evils which there had been an attempt to reach. The ticket selling and punching of cards by young girls and children has led, in many cases, to disastrous consequences, and every effort is being made to discourage the practice. The other evil, so destructive to personal purity, is the one referred to in the following resolutions:

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