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Hampton Negro Conference. Number III. July 1899.

1899VA-State-Hampton_Proceedings (33).pdf

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32

salaries to preachers. Belief in these charges has had much to do with the indifference of the public, the citizen rights of the Negro; and has been instrumental in creating a public sentiment that proposes to restrict the educational advantages that are extended him; it also contemplates shifting the responsibility of cooperating in his elevation by seriously considering plans for his deportation or segregation. Against this your committee proposes no propaganda except the gathering of such facts as will show the Negro to be a producer; a progressive element of our population; a citizen becoming more and more law abiding as educational advantages and religious agencies become more universal.

This work of compiling statistics is a continuous one, the result of which we trust will be as stimulating to the Negro as educative to the Anglo-Saxon.

The result thus far attained is fragmentary, the report including only Virginia and the District of Columbia.

Had the schedules been prepared as suggested, three and a half months ago, a wider area of territory would have been covered and a more comprehensive statement would have been possible.

Taking taxation as a basis, the colored people of the state of Virginia contributed in 1898 directly to the expenses of the state government the sum of $9,576.76, and for schools $3,239.41 from their personal property, a total of $12,816.17; while from their real estate for the purposes of the commonwealth there was paid by them $34,303.53 and for schools $11,457.22 or a total of $45,760.75, a grand total of $58,576.92.

The report for the same year shows them to own 978,118 acres of land valued at $3,800,459 improved by buildings valued at $2,056,490, a total of $5,856,949. In the towns and cities they own lots assessed at $2,154,331, improved by buildings valued at $3,400,636, a total of $5,554,967 for town property and a grand total of $11,411,916, of their property of all kinds in the commonwealth. A comparative statement for different years would doubtless show a general upward tendency.

The counties of Accomac, Essex, King and Queen, Middlesex, Mathews, Northampton, Northumberland, Richmond, Westmoreland, Gloucester, Princess Anne and Lancaster, all agricultural, show an aggregate of 114,197 acres held by Negroes in 1897, the last year accounted for in official reports, against 108,824 held the previous year, an increase of 5,379 or nearly five per cent. The total valuation of land owned by Negroes in the same coun-

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