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Hampton Negro Conference. Number III. July 1899.

1899VA-State-Hampton_Proceedings (32).pdf

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31

places, or clean them out. The people run away from smallpox but they court consumption. They do not realize that tuberculosis can be developed in any part of the body, and they are too ignorant to take proper precautions when their friends have such diseases. The negro is a good culture medium; germs flourish in his system, and he must keep himself away from them. He should live in the sunshine and fresh air as much as possible. Crowding in cities is fatal."

The important question of crowded and ill-ventilated churches was discussed. As a rule the preacher pays no attention to ventilation; all the windows are closed, the people become excited, especially at revival times; and are then fit subjects for the reception of the numerous germs that find lodgment in ill-kept churches and halls. These buildings are also, as a rule, overheated, so that the audiences are especially liable to take cold when they emerge into the outside air. Secret society managers were likewise held guilty of subjecting their members to the worst possible sanitary conditions.

The following words from Dr. Harris of Richmond Va. seemed to sum up the situation. "Let the air be pure, the food wholesome, and sleep sweet and abundant. Negroes who have regular habits of life, eat at regular intervals, and sleep the proper number of hours in clean, wholesome beds surrounded by pure air, if they have in themselves no seeds from immoral living, have just as good a chance of health as any other class of people. They neglect the plain and simple laws of living at their peril, just as other people do."

Report of the Committee on Statistics

Prof. J. W. Cromwell, Chairman

The object of this committee has been to gather such statistical and sociological information as would enable us to ascertain both the relative and the absolute status of the Negro as an economic force, especially within the territory in which the Normal and Agricultural Institute, which fosters these conferences, is situated.

The charge is made that the Negro is a non-producer; that he is a laggard in the onward sweep of civilization; that he is improvident; that he has no regard for law and order and is becoming a criminal element at a greater rate of increase than that of his population; and that his religious efforts exhaust themselves in the erection of fine edifices and the payment of liberal

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