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Hampton Negro Conference. Number III. July 1899.

1899VA-State-Hampton_Proceedings (29).pdf

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28

In Baltimore, Md. the excess of births per 10,000 of population, is in favor of whites. Illegitimate births for colored population show a very large excess over the whites. The white death rate is slightly less than birth rate; the colored death rate is greatly in excess of birth rate.

In Washington, D.C. there has been a decrease in the death rate during the past twenty-three years of 3.3. per cent. In the same city deaths from consumption, scrofula, and tuberculosis are twice as many for colored as for white and the infant mortality death rate has increased both actually and relatively.

From the data considered the following conclusions may be drawn.

Deaths from consumption, scrofula and tuberculosis are twice as many for colored as white.

Still births, total 512 Colored 338 White 174

Illegitimate births, 545 " 479 " 66

Births, Total 4,757 " 1,891 " 2,866

Deaths, " 6,026 " 2,654 " 3,372

Infant mortality under 5 yrs. " 925 " 810

Alley population about 21 1/4 percent.

This factor is an important point in accounting for large mortality, because alley houses have no modern improvements and are mostly unsanitary.

Richmond, Va. For comparison I shall give the data for Richmond, Va., for 1891-1895.

Consumption, Excess for colored, 87.38 per cent

Pneumonia, " " " 147.46 "

Cholera Infantum " " " 107.76 "

Convulsions " " " 375.00 "

Still births " " " 233.54 "

Scrofula " " " 1,075.00 "

Syphilis " " " 617.24 "

With exception of infant mortality there has been for the groups of specific causes a decrease in colored death rate. Infant mortality death rate has increased both actually and relatively.

The conclusions drawn are as follows:--

As infant mortality plays so important a part in this alarming death rate, we must impress upon the mothers greater care in bringing up their children as to diet, sanitary homes, etc. We must eradicate all germs which contaminate the system; remove the effects of specific infection and unsanitary conditions which, in my judgment, are the pivotal points in race

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