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Hampton Negro Conference. Number III. July 1899.

1899VA-State-Hampton_Proceedings (27).pdf

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26

used as clubs to beat down their wages. It will be equally disastrous to the colored people to allow the labor leaders to conclude that they are so many enemies, so much useless obstruction to be gotten out of the way as soon as possible. With all the trouble colored people already have, the idea must not be allowed to take root that a non-union man can be told by the color of his skin and the texture of his hair.

The American Federation of Labor and the Knights of Labor together have a membership of more than three-quarters of a million of workers. If in some way the colored workman could so wrap himself into their interests as to secure their co operation and support, he will have gained a powerful ally in his struggle for a fair chance in the rivalries of life.

Report of the Committee on Vital Statistics and Sanitary Problems

Dr. F. J. Shadd, Chairman

In response to the appointment made at the conference last year, I have the honor to make the following report.

Negro population, 1830 .......................3,638,808

" " 1860....................... 4,441,830
" " 1890....................... 7,470,040
" " 1900 will be over .... 9,000,000

The study of the condition of the Negro in the various cities is a theme worthy the attention of the leaders in sociology and philanthropy.

While much statistical data many not be exact in every particular, yet the records are relatively correct and are of the greatest importance, showing as they do the alarming death-rate and other conditions affecting the Negro for years past. We are waiting with great eagerness for statistical data contained in the next census pertaining to the social, economic, and mortuary problems affecting the Negro in America. The vital and sanitary condition of the Negro is a subject of great interest to every thoughtful citizen. The Negro is here to stay, and we must help him assimilate American civilization. From the Department of Labor Bulletin for May, 1897, I have selected the following data which may enable you to approximate the present condition of this race with some degree of accuracy. It shall be my purpose to give facts, not sentimental theories, through the med-

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