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Hampton Negro Conference. Number III. July 1899.

1899VA-State-Hampton_Proceedings (23).pdf

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22

There are, however, in these states, some separate colored labor organizations, the strongest and best of which do not compete with any similar organization of whites. Among these are the Hod-Carriers and Plumbers' Laborers. Other separate unions are the Colored Barbers, Colored Stationary Engineers, Firemen, Tobacco Workers, and Musicians.

The mixed unions in the border states are the Miners and Cigar-makers; perhaps some others, where the circumstances are exceptional, have taken in colored members, as in the Government Printing Office and Bindery. Notwithstanding the fact that the local trade unions, generally, in the border states, have not taken them into their unions and have, when organized, refused to work with them, the colored craftsman has by no means become extinct.

In the North colored men when competent are generally received into local unions and treated fairly. In the South they work side by side when not organ ized. When organization takes place the colored workman, as a rule, is excluded.

From a valuable pamphlet prepared by Prof. Henry Gannett of Washington on the "Occupations of Negroes" and published by the Trustees of the Slater Fund, we gather the following interesting and instructive data.

According to the census of 1890, out of a total population of 62,622,250, 23,753,884 persons or 34.6 per cent were engaged in gainful occupations. Of the Negroes, including all of the mixed Negro blood, number 7,470,040,--3,073,123, or 41.1 per cent were engaged in gainful occupations, or 6.5 per cent greater than that of the total population.

There are, however, several divers elements in our population. The foreign born has a large proportion of adult males. There are five groups of occupations.

The following table shows the proportions of wage earners to the total population and of the various elements of the population according to the census of 1890, in the five groups of occupations named.

                                                                                Foreign
                             [[ Total                          Native      born
                              Pop'ion      Color'd     White       White
                              per cent     per cent   per cent   per cent

Agriculture and Mining 32.65 57.2 41. 25.5

Domestic and Person'l service 19.18 32.4 13.06 27.0

Trade and Transportation 14.63 4.7 17.00 14.0

Manufactures 22.39 5.6 22.9 31.3

Professions 4.15 1.3 5.5 2.3

                                100.00     100.00       100.00    100.00]]

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